Since the late cosmology just asserts the physics of the Firemdann equation, we will stick with the main result which was based on strict scientific reason:

1. Cold big bangs start at near absolute zero temperature

By modification of the Friedmann equation for reversible and irreversible dynamics, the Helmholtz-Gibbs thermodynamic phase change of the Friedmann equation (which incidently, merges the physics of the opening post with Motz and Kraft's version of the pre big bang phase) takes a very simple form:

[math]\frac{\dot{T}}{T}(\frac{\ddot{T}}{T} + \frac{kc^2}{a^2}) = -\frac{1024 G}{360}(\frac{k^3_B \zeta(3)}{\hbar^3c^3}\frac{dV}{dt}T^3)\ \frac{dU_2}{dV}[/math]

This last equation, I call the unification equation, not because it tells us about why pre-big bang states exist, but unifies the notion of the expanding universe under thermal pressure. The term on the right is a cosmological interpretation of the zero point fluctuations

When matter appears, the a above pre-big bang phase transcends into the Friedmann equation.

We will cover implications soon.

**Edited by Dubbelosix, 18 April 2019 - 09:33 AM.**