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  1. Biologists have found that almost 143,000 Species of Bacteriophage live inside the human gut, read more at http://www.sci-news.com/biology/human-gut-bacteriophages-09374.html
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  2. I have confidence that the human mind is able to change the fight or flight instinct into awe and wonder of the majesty that reveals itself every day. It may just be a matter of overcoming resistance of feeling removed from the grandeur to feeling connected and playing a small part in this extraordinary adventure we call life. Today we are able to visually travel into space and explore the "infinite" variety of wonders that just a simple mathematical fractal algorithm can create for our study and enjoyment. What are Fractals? http://fractalfoundation.wolfesongs.com/wp-co
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  3. Muscle Contraction and Locomotion The information below was adapted from OpenStax Biology 38.4 https://organismalbio.biosci.gatech.edu/chemical-and-electrical-signals/effectors-and-movement/ and for further reading; https://skeletalmusclejournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13395-018-0176-8# and for pacemaker cells ; https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1535370219868960
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  4. Your muscles can only move a finite amount because the contraction is due to microtubules sliding over each other and even as many microtubules are involved their size and range of movement is limited. https://organismalbio.biosci.gatech.edu/chemical-and-electrical-signals/effectors-and-movement/
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  5. Mathematical Modeling of the Functions of the Human Brain http://www.agces.cz/ncns02.htm
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  6. It's not the receptors that do the work as in the diagram. It's the brain that interprets the EM signals which transport information to the brain. The brain does not "see" anything! The diagram is misleading unless accompanied by an explanation of the actual process taking place. Anil Seth touches on all those details in his condensed lecture. The evolved purpose of the brain is to navigate a world full of danger and opportunity. It is a "survival mechanism". The "fight or flight" impulse is the first act of imaginary (artistic) interpretation, contemplating the presence of an imaginar
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  7. Here's a view of quantum mechanics that I've been thinking about a bit in the past. I think it's easily powerful enough to be useful for others too. And to be honest, if you start viewing things through this interpretation, it can become a "bit" frustrating to see people over-complicate QM for themselves, and make it all seem more mysterious than it needs to be. I have never heard anyone use this type of interpretation, so I presume it is somewhat novel approach - despite being so incredibly simple, and almost "too obvious to miss". And yes, I understand the gravity of the claim of solvin
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  8. Yeah, good point. I momentarily overcame my laziness, improved the abstract, and copied it to the OP with a short summary 😊 Thank you, I had not seen this paper before. I read it and quite agree with the sentiment. And it's also always fun to read more detailed historical accounts of the development of some physics concepts. Always serves as a nice reminder how these concepts really are sociological constructs - with different order of discoveries, the common paradigms for modeling things would look different in details that many people just assume to be "proven by a theory". For
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  9. Thanks for the link, however it would be best to at least give an abstract and summary of your paper, along with the link so that a meaningful discussion can take place. For example, I have recently been reading this paper, by W.E. Lamb, that seems to cover some of the same ground that you are attempting to cover, but in much greater detail. Not being lazy,☺️ I here provide the link, the abstract and the summary, but it is far more enlightening to read the entire paper. Anti-photon W.E. Lamb, Jr. Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA Rec
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  10. That’s a great attitude to have. I also try my best to learn at least one new bit of information every day with varying degrees of success. If I didn’t say this before, welcome to Hypography Science Forum and I hope you have a good experience here. To answer your question: we are not comparing an electron vs a photon. We are comparing two different proposed standards of measurement of the supposed smallest possible units of time and space. One standard is based on the Planck length and Planck time and the other is based on the time it takes for light to transit the diameter
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  11. I had a idea today about technology and advancement via time travel, the concept is this basically what if someone from the future contacted someone in the past and told them about all the technology of the future then the person in the past wrote their understanding of that technology down on paper then publishing a book about the technology which then in the future gave rise to the technology the person in the future had told the person in the past about. Given that closed time like curve and paradoxical nature in that statement of information what would be the source of the technology? Woul
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  12. Thank you for the correction, OceanBreeze. Never to old to learn something, and never to old to admit an error 🙂 So are we talking about an electron vs. a photon? A photon being what gets emitted when an electron experiences a change in energy level?
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  13. Omni; One of the real world problems in vision is cataracts. A common deterioration of vision that occurs slowly over time, and goes unnoticed until it interferes with daily life. The good news, it's fixable with replacement lenses. I have had it done and am amazed at the improvement in quality of vision. I agree with Evolute who is putting things in perspective, which is lacking in your question.
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  14. True, photons are smaller then photoreceptors but only when they are sufficiently stimulated they send a signal to the brain. The nature of that signal is what I'm talking about. Actually I posted a question like that on this forum and several people said that spectrum in continuous. As have several other discussions I've found. Does Quantum Mechanics Mean There Is A Finite Number Of Colours? - Physics and Mathematics - Science Forums If you are saying the Planck length is a minimum length for everything, it is not. Planck is a unit of measurement like meters or inches, it to
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  15. Light does not have a infinite number of frequencies you can see in the equation E=hf that the frequency of light times the plank's constant is the energy and from that surmise that energy levels are h in difference thus not being infinitely small differences between packets of energy. The frequency also varies by a factor of h in magnitude thus there are not a infinite amount of colors as there is not a infinite number of frequencies, E/h = f, so if you take the energy of the packets divided by h then it gives the frequency between each level of energy the frequency varies by a factor of h w
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  16. Your Question: “Is there a finite number of different images we can possibly see?” You requested a Yes or No response and, in my opinion, the answer is No. In case you are interested in my reasoning, on which I based my opinion, then read further. I don’t even need to bring different shades of colors into this, all I need to support my answer is the fact that the set of irregular polygons is infinitely large. I could also mention fractals, such as the Koch snowflake. I don’t think the human eye is limited in seeing any number of these shapes so theoretically it can see an
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  17. Ok, I'll give it my last shot, being as there is no YES or NO answer. It is both KINDA and KINDA NOT. The eye has individual photoreceptors that are akin to pixels. There are 125 million of them in each eye - roughly ten times the number of pixels found in a smart phone camera. Ziess microscopy Photo Credit: Flickr Information from these photoreceptors is shuttled to the deeper recesses of the brain through the optic nerve. And here's where the story gets interesting. The optic nerve is small and slow - a bottleneck for the flow of information. If we took a single photo fro
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  18. I think it depends how far you are going for something like exploring another solar system uncrewed would be the way to go atleast until the future just have computers do it however for the matter of our solar system crewed are definitely the way to go.
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  19. The only life that has ever existed on Earth is the living cell, in all of its forms. The aspect of being and individuality had by a single living cell is that which defines all life, no more and no less is required. This aspect, which instantiates the first person being of a single cell as a living individual every bit as alive as any multi-cellular creature, is the position of view (POV). All of the skills and talents that tend to distract from this fact are only emergent features of the host form. Beneath it all is ones' POV. In this universe, there isn't one implementation of life for mam
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  20. He might get picked up by people in white uniforms.......😵 p.s. CIA = Central Insanity Agency .......... 😄
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  21. This is a build list using the threadripper with 64 cores that fully utilizes the chip for 2021.
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  22. I am finally ready to tackle the greatest project yet, The Quantum Black Hole Star Gate, The construction of a artificial wormhole between two natural or artificial black holes. This is a combination of two Black Hole Dyson Spheres that have black holes that are quantum entangled in them. It was proposed that quantum entanglement and wormholes are the same thing but on vastly different scales basically if you can transport information between two distant objects via their quantum state in essence that is a wormhole if the transmission of information is nearly instant between the two distant pa
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  23. It seems that the United State and Russia have extended the nuclear arms treaty between them for 5 more years, read more at https://news.yahoo.com/start-us-russia-extend-nuclear-160528532.html
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  24. Using the same method as the Chinese scientists that extended the life of mice(https://www.scienceforums.com/topic/37733-new-gene-therapy-reverses-aging-in-mice/) but slightly different, This being a Retroviral Vector that targets kat7 in liver cells using cas9 with a guide RNA to silence the gene as the inserts to the vector. This should in humans extending life span by 25% if it works anything like the mice that were gene edited. The Liver Targetting Retroviral Vector in this construct can be purchased from West Nanorobotics(https://www.wnanorobotics.com/shop) howeve
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  25. It seems that natural killer cells modified to expression a chimeric antigen can neutralize COVID-19, read more at https://www.news-medical.net/news/20210118/Modified-natural-killer-cells-show-neutralizing-and-multivalent-potential-against-SARS-CoV-2-in-vitro.aspx
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  26. It seems physicists have created a type of tunable superconductivity in twisted graphene, read more at https://news.mit.edu/2021/physicists-create-tunable-superconductivity-twisted-graphene-nanosandwich-0201
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  27. VictorMedvil

    The Meaning Of Life?

    What is the meaning of life? There are no right or wrong answers here.
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  28. CountryBoy

    E=mcc (again....)

    It doesn't "go" anywhere. It just stays right where it was. "[tex]E= mc^2[/tex]" is all the energy contained in matter including the energy that holds the atoms and even nuclei and protons and neutrons together. "Chemical means", such as burning, only releases the energy holding molecules together. In atomic bombs, the energy holding the nuclei together is release but the "deeper" energy, holding the protons and neutrons together, is not.
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  29. Well I would say SpaceX is the most successful space company but barring SpaceX I would say Virgin Galactic.
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  30. Most treacherous form of disinformation We are all practiced in the art of influence, it’s a part of human nature and instinctively when an individual or group proceeds to gain favor for a particular need and goal; communication is employed to try and win support for that cause. The spheres of tools which can be utilized to meet that cause begin with language and end in any imaginable positive or horrible outcome. However, when some of the less linguistically people cannot utilize language effectively for summoning favor to negotiate their needs and wants, often times with these
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  31. I am merely an interested bystander and I cannot contribute to the science, but from reading I found an interesting connection between autism and microtubule fnction. I don't know if this is pertinent to the discussion, but thought it might be of interest . This will be my only post and I'll sit back and learn. Role of Microtubule-Associated Protein in Autism Spectrum Disorder Abstract https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6246838/#
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  32. And a very modern Irish Jig
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  33. OceanBreeze

    Physics Puzzle!

    Welcome to Hypography Science Forums, Rasti. I hope you will find some more interesting threads to get involved in. But, this particular thread is nonsense and I am moving it to Silly Claims. I would have deleted it but I didn't want to delete your first post along with it.
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  34. how can you explain this in words? (+, -, *, %) Can you write this out in words please?
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  35. So I have had the chemical for the synthesis of Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) for about 1 year now that was purchased from China about 1 kg of each of the chemicals I was thinking about finding a tube furnace to synthesize the Superconductor in. Anyone have any pointers about making YBCO wire? This is the Superconductor synthesis manual I have been following (https://physlab.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Superconductor_manual1.pdf) and here is the wikipedia page about YBCO (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yttrium_barium_copper_oxide). I have all the chemicals listed in this section aro
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  36. Flummoxed

    The Meaning Of Life?

    Dolphins don't have external ears https://www.dolphins-world.com/how-do-dolphins-hear/
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  37. fahrquad

    The Meaning Of Life?

    So long and thanks for all of the fish!!!
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  38. Maine farmer

    The Meaning Of Life?

    I thought it was 42.
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  39. A-wal

    The Meaning Of Life?

    The same meaning as a rollercoaster at a fair ground. The ride is the point.
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  40. What he said....if you leave religious beliefs out of the equation that's life in a nutshell...The only things he left out were REPEAT until you die, provide a host for countless organisms, and then become food for countless other organisms after you die.
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  41. GAHD

    The Meaning Of Life?

    Consume, conquer, copulate. ;)
    1 point
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