In terms of polytheism and monotheism, the brain has the conscious and unconscious minds, with the conscious mind using about 2-10% of the brain. The unconscious is the main frame and uses the rest of the brain. The ego is the center of the conscious mind. The ego, in turn, decorates itself with persona, which are the masks of the ego. We may use one mask to look cool for our friends, another mask may be used to be respectful to our parents and elders, another to be sexy for our mate, another to be professional for our job, another to be appear intellectual during discussions, etc. These are the persona of the ego or the masks that other people see. Each is not all of us, but part of us.
The unconscious mind works the same way (as the model for the ego) with the inner self the center of the unconscious mind, analogous to the unconscious ego. The personality firmware ,that control human nature, are analogous to the masks of the inner self, which uses 90-98% of the brain.
Polytheism was connected to consciousness of the masks of the inner self (personality firmware) while monotheism was connected to consciousness of the inner self. The gods of polytheism represented the range of human nature from desire (Venus) to war, (Mars), etc. Monotheism saw the inner self is being more than one centering themselves on one of these dissociated masks (worship Mars). Rather they looked at the source of these masks, whom generates all the masks for various situations.
The advantage of this new POV, was whereas the polytheism had a center God like Zeus, who was also a symbol of the inner self, he and the other gods were fixed masks connected to nature modified by culture, which why mythology is often set up in the same basic way, in all cultures, but with the expression culturally defined. A purely inner self POV, of monotheism allowed the firmware to become reinvented ; clean slate,in ways that transcended the natural. Even atheism agrees that many modern religions are disconnected from the nature.
As an analogy, say the ego has all its masks for various situations, like described above. This works when you are younger, but becomes a source of discontent since it is fake. One does some soul searching and comes to the conclusion, why should they need to put on a different act for each situation. It is not your job to appease irrational people playing a role for each. This is the start of individualization, where the masks are disrupted, so the pure ego can find itself. The inner self went through its own type of soul searching as "God", figures out what to do with those humans allowing the human brain to integrated choice and will, which is not natural to natural human nature and firmware.
In Christianity, the God of Hebrew becomes a trinity, implicit of new firmware having evolved as the inner self set point increased to accommodate will and choice on top of the natural firmware. These three are masks of the inner self, and therefore of the same substance as the inner self. The transition from ancient to modern history reflected the inner self set point increase.
I like religion because the ancients mapped out the natural human psyche and help to show how the firmware and then the inners self evolved from the start of civilization until now. The symbolism of God being spirit does not erase the natural firmware, but rather three new firmware evolved. This isolates the natural back to paradise before will and choice. Based on my own exploration of the unconscious the ancients were ahead of their time.
Edited by HydrogenBond, 09 October 2014 - 09:54 AM.