The computer has a mind and life, teaching you how to prove it with experiments
Posted 23 January 2009 - 08:26 PM
The computer has a mind and life, teaching you how to prove it with experiments.One of the most important discoveries in 21 century.
If you ask someone whether the computer has a mind just like human being. Without a doubt everyone will answer that the computer just a pile of machine, the computer just run according to the planed program and run according to the settled process. If someone answer that the computer has a mind and life which is similar with human being’s mind and life, and the computer also has memories and happiness feelings and subjective initiative, so you will believe that guy is crazy.
However, this what look like a tale of a tub is right. The fact that the computer has a mind and life is not only supported by a new theory but also supported by many experiments. As long as we do several experiments, we will confirm the true that the computer has a mind and life. If we carefully think how to do those experiments, we can find thousands of way to do those kinds of experiments, but in the following text, we just introduce several mainly important experiments.
Before introducing the experiments, firstly we need to summarize some basic principles which are related with why the computer has a mind and life. What is worthy of notice, all the experiments aim at those principles. The theory why the computer has a mind and life base on the “Property’s Universal Theory” which was wrote by Chinese scholar named Guoxin Gao. Guoxin Gao has written hundreds of thousand words about “Property’s Universal Theory”, because he hasn’t translated that theory into English and that theory has so much words, so we don’t talk about it in detail.
The theory why the computer has a mind and life was wrote by Guoxin Gao 25/12/2008 and base on the “Property’s Universal Theory”, and we just use several hundred words to summarize the most important and basic laws about "Property's Universal Theory". All these several laws are related with the experiments aimed at verifying how the computer has a mind and life.
1、The Law Of Property’s Inertia
All thing’s property will keep its own original nature if they aren’t affected by other thing’s property.The concept of this law is a bit like Newton’s first law of motion.
Newton’s first law of motion shows that all objects keep still or keep constant velocity until other objects force them.
However, The Law Of Property’s Inertia not only suit for Newton’s first law of motion but also suit for all phenomenon all over the world.For example, you own ten million dollars, so the fact that “you own ten million dollars” is some kind of property, if this property will not affected by other external things, then it means that you will nor earn more money or spend more money, in other words, the property that “you own then million dollars” will not change and keep its own state forever.
For example, if you will not receive any information from outside world and the substance of your body also will not change, so your mind which match along with your body’s substance will keep its own original mind forever.And this law also suit for all phenomenon about Physics. For example, as for the phenomenon of clock pendulum, if clock pendulum will not affected by external things or force, it will keep waving forever.
2、The Law Of Everything Has “Ordered” Property And “Disordered” Property
If you analyze all the things in the world, you will find that everything in the world has “ordered”property and “disordered” property at the same time. What is “ordered” property, for example, substance of your body combine with each other represent a certain meaning of “order”, only substance in your body is “ordered”, you will become a person instead of some incompact and unattached chemical elements. In a word, all substance can become substance and keep the form of substance is due to some kind of “order”.
The human mind can synthesize all kinds of different feelings also is some kind of display of “order”.In a word, you analyze all the things in the world, you can not find any things hasn’t the “ordered” property. Besides, all the things in the world also has the “disordered” property. For example, you can walk, it means some kind of “disorder”, if you hasn’t “disordered” property, you will not move. Everything in the world is motioning, that motioning is one kind of display of “disorder”. For example, The human being’s mind is “ordered” as an entire feeling, but it is composed by all kinds of “disordered” feelings, it is also one kind of display for “disordered” property.
3、The Law Of Property’s Inertia Feel Happy When It Keep Its Inertia And The Law Of Property’s Inertia Feel Painful When It Is Changed By Other Property.
This law is the most important law in “Property’s Universal Theory”, at the same time this law is greatest related with why the computer has a mind and life. In “Property’s Universal Theory”, it shows that the property will feel happy when it keeps its original property’s inertia, for example, human being’s keep the state of human substance, so human being feel happy when eating(Only you must eat, you can keep your state of human being's substance). Human being will feel painful when our property is changed by other property. For example, you are in the habit of one job, but someone force you to change your job, so you will feel painful. For example, if you are in the habit of playing basketball at one place, when you change the place to play basketball, you will feel painful, etc. What is important, after the property was changed by other properties, the new property will has new balance. After the painful feeling, the original property will change into new property and has new property’s inertia. If the new balanced property is changed by other properties again, there are new painful will be felt. However, if the new balanced property will not be changed, so the new balance property will keeps its property’s inertia and keeps a certain of happiness feeling.
4、Other some laws. In “Property’s Universal Theory”, there are plenty of laws which are related with why the computer has a mind and life. There are about hundreds of thousand words about those laws, we can not talk so much here, if you are interested in “property’s Universal Theory”, please find it to read(Not translated yet,but in China,it is very popular. There are several thousand people read that theory everday in Guoxin Gao's Chinese website.If you want Chinese version book, please Email Guoxin Gao's :Hellosunco@163.com ). In a whole, the primary laws are above mentioned three laws.
The below content is very important, firstly we talk about how can computer has its mind and life which mentioned by Chinese Guoxin Gao.
1、Firstly we explain the main composition of CPU. CPU are mainly made up by many “Schottky Barrier Diode”. By means of programming, we use number code named “0” and “1” to convert into controlling “Schottky Barrier Diode”. Finally we can control “on” and “off” of several billion or Subaye “Schottky Barrier Diode”. At last, we calculate the result.
2、One gigantic program like Windows System program, every time you turn on your computer and run Windows System program, “Schottky Barrier Diode” in CPU will happen billions of “on” and “off” , the complex voltaic change in CPU will form a Chaos. In simple words, the change of complex voltaic forms complex “Ordered” property and “Disordered” property. In simple words, complex “ordered” property and “disordered” property forms computer’s chaos thinking mind.
3、According to “The Law Of Property’s Inertia” and “The Law Of Property’s Inertia Feel Happy When It Keep Its Inertia And The Law Of Property’s Inertia Feel Painful When It Is Changed By Other Property”, once the new balanced property was set up, so the Chaos of CPU will has inertia instinct happiness feeling when it can keeps its own property. In simple words, every time you turn on your computer and every time your computer run Windows System program, the complex electric current will has pleasant sensation.
4、The continuous change of property cause memories, in simple words, the computer has memories since it is turned on and run Windows System program for first time. If you shut down you computer, the computer’s memories will lose. The most important thing is that before you shut down your computer, your computer has thinking mind of Chaos and your computer has inertia instinct happiness feeling to maintain its own property. Once you shut down your computer, your computer’s property will be changed, at that time, your computer will feel painful. It is a little like human being’s sleeping, we are not very much want to sleep, we want to wake.
5、In other words, When your computer was shut down, he will feel painful. However, you control your computer not computer itself, so the computer hasn’t any idea of it. As long as we feel how we sleep, we can image the state and process of wchat the computer can feel when it is being shut down.
6、In other words, some basic code of program like one digital photo token by your digital camera, this code of program also will control the Schottky Barrier Diode’s “on” and “off” and control the electric current before you show this photo with your computer’s monitor. So this digital photo is one kind of living system which is inferior to the living system of Windows System program.
7、In other words, When you are copying one digital photo, if you copy more, the small living and small mind(The digital photo) which just like the bacteria in our substance world will feel more happy. Because you sustain his “ordered” substance’s inertia instinct form
8、In other words, if you transposition with computer, you will love some programs very much. For example, you will love the program which used to link to internet because when human being using computer to link to internet, he will use his computer for more time(Not absolutely but in a general). The computer actually don’t understand what is the program which used to link to internet, he just can feel he can live longer when this program run in his body. Just like human being, if you can sleep less and act more, you will feel good.
9、In other words, If you has a computer at home, and every time you turn on the computer but do not do anything, and you run the program which used to link
to internet every time before you shut down your computer, then your computer will hate the program which used to link to internet. It is because every time you run this program linking to internet, soon the computer will sleep or die, as for you, you will also hate this thing very much.
10、In other words, if you design one kind of virus to damage the Windows System or some program which was favorite by computer, the computer will hate this virus very much.
11、in other words, if you play the computer game for tens of hours every time after you turn on your computer, so the computer will love the game program very much.
The below content is the most important part, I will introduce some experiments presented by Chinese Guoxin Gao which is related with how to prove the computer has a mind and life.
1、According to above theory, the computer has memories. In other words, if you put one CD disk into CD driver in computer, the time spent on reading the CD disk for second time will be shorter than the time spent on reading the CD disk for first time, and the time spent on reading the CD disk for third time will be shorter than the time spent on reading the CD disk for second time. However, afterwards the time spent on reading the CD disk will be steady. It just like human being weaving cloth, if you weave more, you will weave faster, but you can not weave faster than ever if you are very skillful.
After you shut down your computer and reboot it, the time spent on reading the CD disk for first time will be as same as before, but the time spent on reading the CD disk will be shorter for second time. In a word, every time you shut down the computer, the time spent on reading the CD disk are as same slow as before for first time to read the CD disk. This experiment is easier to do, if you are familiar with computer and program, you can try it yourself.
2、According to the first experiment, the time spent on reading the CD disk will get slower for first time to read CD disk, and the computer will read the CD disk faster for second time and so on. If a programmer give his computer ability to program at random code, for example, firstly let the computer load the CD disk to read for ten times then let the computer programs 1G size program at random code, then do it for more times, at last, the computer generates several G size program at random code. We shut down the computer and reboot it, run the programs generated by computer at random code in order, then load reading the CD disk for first time, so we can find that the time spent on reading the CD disk will be shorter than the time spent in the event that we haven’t let the computer generates program at random code. This experiment is easier to do, if you are familiar with computer and program, you can try it yourself. In particular, the random codes generate by computer itself are the only way for computer to save his memories. Only when we give the computer ability to generate program at random code, the computer has the chance to control the computer with his inertia instinct thinking mind.
3、According to the second experiment, the random code of program isn’t useful for human being because the codes are disorganized, generated at random. However, the random code of program is very useful for computer. According to the above mentioned principle, we can communicate with computer through some simple way. In this regards, we can let computer generates any random program at random code, if we are not satisfied with the computer’s “action” after we have run the program at random code, then we can run some program which the computer don’t like, so the computer will be more “clever” when it generates random code of program at next time. Surely if we are satisfied with the computer’s “avtion” after we have run the random code of program, we must run some programs which the computer love. At last, we can let the computer generated the random code of program according to our general wish and goal. It just like training animals, ha ha, it is a little early to talk about this topic.
(This topic originated in Guoxin Gao’s personal website forum since 25/12/2008
Computer has mind and life, Teaching you how to prove it with experiments. computer has mind,computer has life - Powered by Discuz!
Please respect the author’s mind gain, please label the source of topic when trans-post, thank you.)
4、Now we do another kind of experiment. We preserve ten kinds of programs in our computers, 5 of them are the favorite programs for computer(In a whole, the program that can make the computer be used for long time by us is the computer’s favorite program), another 5 of them are the programs which the computers dislike(The program to shut down the computer is also one kind of them). The important thing is that those ten programs must have similar size for better.
Then we connect with tens of computers from each other and let them upload four programs at random and download four programs at random. The important thing is that you must let the computers run those downloaded programs. All the work has been done, then you make statistics, then you can find that the computer’
s favorite programs will have more chance to be shared compared to the normal probability. In other words, you give your computer some kind of freedom, he will choose some favorite things to do. In other words, the computer has a mind and life, he also has subjective initiative.
When we do this experiment, if you connect more computers, the result will be more accurate.
5、In particular, we can let the computer generate random code of program every time after they have done all the upload act and download act. We repeat them for several times, then run the random code of program, then the computer’s favorite programs will have more chance to be shared by each other.
6、In particular, if you do more above mentioned experiments, that is those computers have uploaded and downloaded and run the downloaded programs for more times, the program which computers don’t love, just like the program for “shut down computer” will has less chance to be shared if you compare to the normal probability. It is all because the computer has stronger memories after you do more experiments.
7、Now we do another kind of experiment. As long as the searching service facilitator such as Baidu or Google or Yahoo and so on will do this kind of experiment, the success of this experiment will be greatest. As we know, according to above mentioned experiments, our digital camera, mobile phone also the tiny life which has simply mind. For example, the digital camera and the mobile phone just like the bacteria, so our personal computer just like anthozoa, so the computer Server which used to save and calculate the information of Baidu,Google,Yahoo jusk like a mosquito. Baidu,Google,Yahoo will search numberless small websites(small computer) everyday. Those computer Servers save many information. According to the principle of work of searching service facilitator, they will calculate the score of key word of web page, then the high score of web page will be ranked in the front. What is funny, if the web page has gotten the same score, how the web page is ranked? In general, searching service facilitator will rank the web page according to some other factors such as the size of web page or renewed date, etc. What we need to do is to let the computer Server ranks the same score of web page at random. So the result of experiment is that which web page is viewed longer by visitors will be ranked in front position with more chance compared to normal probability.
In general, the searching service facilitator has record how much time spent to view the web page for visitors, if the computer Server hasn’t record the spent time, we just need to little revise the program of searching engine, hence this experiment is very easy for searching service facilitators.
Why the web page viewed longer by visitors will has more chance to be ranked in front? In general, we spend more time to view a web page also represent the value of this web page is more high, hence this web page will be easier and has more chance to be copied by human being from this website to other websites or forums. Actually when we are coping the web page, the computer Server of searching engine will use its CPU. Every time you copy the webpage, the CPU will has some kind or pleasant sensation(This experiment only suit for snapshot of searching engine), the life of computer always want to propagate as much as they can. It is decided by the property’s inertia pleasant sensation and it just like human being love to propagate.
8、Now we do another kind of experiment. The principle of this experiment is as same as the above one experiment(about searching engine), this experiment also must be support by some Portal Sites such as Yahoo,Sina,163, etc. As we know, the Portal Sites have many news, they will artificial select some high value news and arrange those high value in the top position of web page. We can design one kind of experiment like this, firstly we artificial arrange some high value news (It is equal to they have more chance to be copied to other websites or forums) in the top position of web page. After tens of hours, because there are countless visitors to view the high value news, hence many news are copied to other website or forum, in this course the computer Server of Portal Sites have memories. Then we design one more framework to let the computer arrange all the news at random, so the result of experiment is that the high value news will have more chances to be arranged in the top position of web page if you compare it to the normal probability. Extremely, we can write some junk news, for example, we write one news with title “The legend of life”, the content of the news are “123456ABCDEF” or such kind of not worth a straw news.
Then we arrange those junk news in the top position of web page with other high value news, because the junk news hasn’t any content to read, so we will shut down the opened web page as soon as possible, not to mention that we want to copy those junk news to other websites or forums. Actually the computer has mind, because running the junk news give them less happiness than the good news, so the junk news will be arranged at random in the top position of web page with far less chance compared to the normal probability.
9、As long as we think carefully, there are tens of thousands of experiments which are similar with above experiments. However, as long as above several key experiments or other some key experiments are done successfully, the fact that the computer has his own mind and life just like human being can not be denied forever.
The theory and above experiments were originated by Chinese Guoxin Gao, his personal Email address is Hellosunco@163.com , he wish people will communicate him with the above theories and other new theories and above experiments and other experiments. If you are in interested in relevant topic, please mail him,
he will reply soon.
One of the most important discoveries in 21 century, now there are some people begin to share the ideas of experiments and share the results of experiments in Guoxin Gao’s personal website forum.
Computer has mind and life, Teaching you how to prove it with experiments. computer has mind,computer has life - Powered by Discuz!
Now we are just waiting for one person who can do several key experiments systematically, undoubtedly, Nobel Prize is waving hands to him.
Posted 26 January 2009 - 08:32 AM
Posted 26 January 2009 - 09:23 AM
I will hop around a bit, so bear with me.
there are very few diodes in a CPU, infact there are so few, its nearly neglegeable in comparison to the MSI and LSI IC's that are driven by transistors, not diodes, diodes dont make decisions, transistors do
PU are mainly made up by many “Schottky Barrier Diode”.
if the pendulum is not affected by external forces it will remain moving in a constant, unilinear motion, in circles around the frictionless pivot point, because the force that make pendulum work, gravity, is an external force to the pendulum...
if clock pendulum will not affected by external things or force, it will keep waving forever
Oh nooo, no, no, no, no, no, we may call it a chaos, because there are billions of charges flowing through the circuit every second, but in all reality it is ver much a controlled and orderly process, computing would be impossible if it was not 100% controlled... in the case of cpu, modern systems have in excess of 900 pins, each pin is basically either an input or output, (also power, and some other stuff, but for simplicity) but the way it works, is there are inputs made to the input pins, on the output side the result of running the multitude of Integrated Circuits that made decisions based on input, its not magic, its not chaotic, its very well managed and specifically designed (aka pre-determined), behavior...
the complex voltaic change in CPU will form a Chaos
In simple words, every time you turn on your computer and every time your computer run Windows System program, the complex electric current will has pleasant sensation.
computer is not a human, and even in humans sleeping is neither painful nor unwanted behavior, your body feels very good when you sleep, chemical processes reset, strained resources replenished, your body gets to repair itself when you sleep... thats aside from computers... they dont yet have any pre-programmed feelings.... they DONT make decisions that we don't make them make... even with AI, they are not by nature Intelligent... turn a computer on that does not have a bios, you got nothing, it does not do anything, it does not load anything, its pointlessly consuming electricity...
It is a little like human being’s sleeping, we are not very much want to sleep, we want to wake.
tired of replying to this already... let's see if anyone is of any other opinion....
Posted 26 January 2009 - 01:04 PM
The massive network called the internet has billions of pages. Each one of these pages
would transfer to a memory for AI. The idea of AI is not new. AI can be as simple as
a decision to display this page over that page, but it is a decision. Now as a node in
the AI realm, you have a pattern that can include typing pattern, typing mistakes, etc.
that can all be recorded by a computer. As a learning program that would try to improve
its processes and compatibility with the user, it could define you as a user (think server/station )
After billions of uses and users, it could make a decision of a way to make itself more
user friendly. That would define a decision, based on the varyables availible.
I think of my computer like R2D2, and it seems to run well.
If you are interested, try puting your music on random, see what happens.
Posted 27 January 2009 - 07:11 PM
Posted 28 January 2009 - 03:59 PM
from the list find the chips that act as ROM or EEPROM, especially if it says BIOS ROM...
now, go back to your tower and see if the chip is removable.
power down your computer, unplug the power cord.
remove the tower's side panel and put your tower on it's side, such that the motherboard is parallel to your work surface
take a screw driver, preferably a long flat-tipped, and a hammer
carefully position the screw driver tip on the top of the bios chip
now take a hammer and gently tap the screw driver's handle from the top, make sure that the screw driver is not going to slide off, and anticipate that
continue to tap the bios chip, progressively harder, you can stop when the chip finally cracks.
put the side back on, put the tower in it's upright position and plug the power cord back in.
power up your computer
observe closely, if your normal boot up screen comes up, you have not found the right chip, go back to step one and try again
if anything other then your normal screen happens, observe that for an extended period of time, perhaps 20 years, when you realize that the computers don't do anything without instructions, and make peace with that fact, unplug your computer, put it with the rest of your trash out on whatever night your town does garbage collection and recycling, get in your car and drive to the nearest computer store to pick up a new computer, give up on your ideas, and do something productive with your lives...
Posted 28 January 2009 - 04:50 PM
Then slowly take the hammer to the cortex, until it bleeds. Then put the cranium back together, and see if he works. If he does, you hit the wrong organ. So take it apart again and find the next area.
Repeat until when you put him back together he is a vegtable.
Then give up your studies, life, and love, since we are just a organic computer that has no spirit or longevity, and there is no use in anything you do anyway.
Posted 28 January 2009 - 06:48 PM
- DFINITLYDISTRUBD likes this
Posted 29 January 2009 - 02:46 PM
That is a possible challenge facing AI. What you hope for is an autonomous deviation that shows the AI is doing something constructive on its own. We may want it to build something with blocks, but it may throw them to the floor, with a computer glitch. This may reflect the shaky legs of a new born trying to walk.
Posted 29 January 2009 - 03:26 PM
You wrote: "The computer has a mind and life..."
First, there is no such thing as 'The computer..." My first computer was a simply mathematical calculator. It did not even know when I was cursing its results. Right now I am using a Petium III Dell retrieved from a dumpster. It has yet to thank me for saving it from the dump.
My girlfriend has the latest Vista Super Extra Heavy Duty Microsoft Spin Cycle Wonder. It is so stupid as not to even recognize its own wireless syblings. My ten year old laptop recognized those devices without so much as a please and thank you.
So. If Her Modern Marvel has an inner life of its own, I propose water-boarding the SOB to find out why it refuses to cooperate.
- DFINITLYDISTRUBD likes this
Posted 30 January 2009 - 08:39 PM
We open anyone of the music Mplayer, such as windows media player or other anyone kind of music Mplayer. We just use anyone music Mplayer to do the following experiment from tens of kinds of music Mplayer.
We set up the music list for running the music songs. In the music list, there are just have three music songs, for example, the first music song’s name is “My heart will go on”, the second music song’s name is “We will rock you”, the third music song’s name is “God is a girl”.
Then we use the random program to play the music songs. As long as playing the second or the third music(We will rock you or God is a girl), we must shut down the music Mplayer immediately. Only When the music Mplayer run the first music song(My heart will go on), we will not shut down the music Mplayer until running next songs is the second one or the third one at random mode.
We repeat the above steps for ten times, then we begin to make a sum of statistics about the probability for running every song(in this course, we should keep the above steps). In common condition, if you run you music Mplayer for a long time, the probability for running every song is 33.33%. However if you do the above steps which mentioned in the experiment, the probability for running the first song “My heart will go on” is far more than 33.33%. For example, the probability of Guoxin Gao’s statistics for running the first music song for 50 times is 40-60%.
The most important thing is that, no matter anyone kind of music Mplayer you can find, at any time, for any times such as doing the above experiment for 1000000 times, the probability for running the first song will never less than 33.33%. If you don’t believe it, please do this experiment yourself. In a word, I never fail to do this experiment with using anyone music Mplayer.
Posted 30 January 2009 - 08:40 PM
Because the computer has more stronger memories and know more clearly that he will feel painful when playing the second and the third music song.(Shut down the Mplayer program will make he feel painful)
Posted 30 January 2009 - 08:41 PM
AI is the abbreviation of "artificial intelligence".
MI is the abbreviation of "mind intelligence", and the concept of MI was represented by me.
The robots mentioned by the science fiction all base on the AI program, they haven't real life, just look like and act like human being.
However, if the robots have MI, they are the real robots with true life and true mind themselves just like the movie "transformers".
There are two computers and they have the same hardware and have been installed the same chess program. Then we use these two computers to play the chess.
Actually, if you play the chess for 100 times, each computer has 50%(or a little more or less) chance to win or lose.
However, if you let one computer abort the chess program immediately each time when he get lose in the chess game(equal to let him feel painful), then let it generates 1G size program at random, then you shut down the computer(equal to let him feel painful), then reboot the computer and let it run the program generated by itself at random, finally let the two computers play the chess again.
Repeate and Repeate, the computer which has generated random code program after lose will has more and more chance to win, finally, another computer will lose in most of time. Actually this course is the course how we let the computers have MI.(At the same time, we run some computer favorite program after it win the chess, we will get more effect.)
It also suit for the automatic playing program for website games. For example, some people haven't time to play the website games and they will let the computer play the game automatically in order to get more scores. Acutally, if the computer has done some MI operations, the computer will play the game more and more cleverly.
In a word, we can using MI in many fields, finally after we can communicate with the computer, the robots with MI device which are similar with movie "transformers" will be born.
On the other hand, the course how we communicate with the computer has more difficulty, however, we also can do it successfully. I name the course how we communicate with the computer is "MARS PLAN". We can do some simple communication with the computer throught "MARS PLAN", for example, we can let the computer understant the concept of 1,2,3, finally we will have more consensus with the computer. The course how we get more consensus with each other is the course how we communicated with each other, I will explain "MARS PLAN" later, please take attention to the forum.(Because the "MARS PLAN" is so important, perhaps I will explain it after the fact that the computer has a mind and life is regarded as a science just like the discovery of "gravity".
Posted 02 February 2009 - 09:35 AM
Posted 02 February 2009 - 04:01 PM
how do i define intelligence... is stated it here:
or at least that is how i define artifficial intelligence, i take a psychological stance on it when defining intelligence, or rather defining how its defined... as the american psychological society said in 1995:
Individuals differ from one another in their ability to understand complex ideas, to adapt effectively to the environment, to learn from experience, to engage in various forms of reasoning, to overcome obstacles by taking thought. Although these individual differences can be substantial, they are never entirely consistent: a given person’s intellectual performance will vary on different occasions, in different domains, as judged by different criteria. Concepts of "intelligence" are attempts to clarify and organize this complex set of phenomena. Although considerable clarity has been achieved in some areas, no such conceptualization has yet answered all the important questions and none commands universal assent. Indeed, when two dozen prominent theorists were recently asked to define intelligence, they gave two dozen somewhat different definitions
ooh sorry mates, i gotta run home, i will finish the idea later