1.Muhammad positioned himself as the last of the «Messengers.» And who, then, were his predecessors? This is what the experts of the Islamic dogma say:
«The names of the 25 prophets mentioned in the Quran, we must know: Adam, Idris (Biblical Enoch), Nuh (Noah), Hood, Salih, Ibrahim (Abraham), Lut (Lot), Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac) , Ya’qub (Jacob), Yusuf (Joseph), Ayub (Job), Shu ‘aib (Iofor ), Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Zul’-Kifli (Bishir), Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ilyas (Elijah), Al-Yasa ‘(Elisha), Yunus (Jonah), Zakariya (Zechariah), Yahya (John), Isa (Jesus), peace to all of them, and the seal of all prophets — Muhammad … «
Of these 25 first Muslims, messengers and prophets, more than half are evident Jews: Ishaq (Isaac), Jacob (Jacob), Yusuf (Joseph), Ayub (Job), Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Davud ( David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ilyas (Elijah), Al Yasa (Elisha), Yunus (Jonah), Zakariya (Zechariah), Yahya (John), Isa (Jesus), total 14. In addition, the Jews believe, that their forefathers were Ibrahim (Abraham) and Itzhak, whereas the Arabs believe that their forefathers were Ibrahim and Ismail.
According to Muhammad and his Qur’an, Islam existed from time immemorial. He was confessed by all the aforementioned messengers and prophets, as well as by the kings David and Solomon. Through Musa (Moses), Allah sent down the Taurat (Torah) to the Jews, then Allah sent down the Injil (Gospel) through Isa (Jesus) to the Jews and Christians .
Muhammad accused the Jews of apostasy from faith and violation of the treaty with Allah. In addition, he accused the Jews of his times of atheism, immorality, debauchery of morals, and non-observance of the laws of the Torah, sent down by Allah.
Muhammad was not the first to make such accusations. One and a half thousand years before Muhammad, the Jewish prophets accused the Jewish people for the same sins, and threatened with punishments from God and from people. Basically, these punishments were implemented: the Jews were driven out of their country, sold into slavery, scattered all over the planet.
And yet there is a fundamental difference between the accusations of the Jewish prophets and the accusations of Muhammad against the Jews. The purpose of the Jewish prophets was the correction of the Jewish people, the instruction on the true path. The goal of Muhammad, as it turned out from his practical actions, was the expulsion of Jews from the state created by him, partly extermination, the seizure of land and property («trophies»), and finally, imposing of tax. The first to start paying “jizya” (a special tax on «infidels») were Jews.
2. And now let’s take a closer look at the accusations of Muhammad. Sincerely, the Messenger fell in with accusations not against the Jews only. After the Jews, the second object of invective and threats (often very colorful, for example, «turn their heads back and erase their faces») were Muhammad’s fellow tribesmen, «idolaters.»
Then there were the Christians, to whom he was softer than to the Jews and idolaters. The main accusation against the Christians was that they attached «associates» to Allah, that is, Jesus and the Holy Spirit. To the Virgin Mary, strangely enough, Muhammad was positive. He ignored the fact that Jesus called himself the Son of God and even God, however in the eyes of Muhammad this was blasphemy. Maybe, he simply did not read the New Testament and knew little of its contents.
In addition to the above, the object of the accusations of Muhammad were the Sabaeans, the Samudians and other Arabs, who refused to follow the messengers sent to them by Allah.
And then we turn to the accusations of Muhammad against the Muslims. Yes, Muhammad often blamed Muslims, who, in his opinion, were not loyal to him personally and have violated the requirements of religion, which he formulated in his surahs and ayahs.
These were, first of all, «hypocrites», that is people, often rich, who behaved independently and did not show proper respect to the Messenger. In fact, the main sin of the «hypocrites» was that they maintained contact with their Jewish relatives. They refused to take part in the campaigns of Muhammad or to finance him when he fought against the Jews.
The «hypocrites» were not the only Jews who recognized Islam. The main support Muhammad got from the Ansara, the first Medina inhabitants, who invited the Messenger and accepted his faith. Before the adoption of Islam, half of them were pagans, and the second half were Jews. Probably, there were «hypocrites» among the Ansara, too.
The next target of frequent accusations were Bedouins. Muhammad accused them of non-compliance with the requirements of religion and evasion from military service.
There were also other Muslims who were evading military service and paying taxes.
In all cases of accusations against Muslims, they were threatened with posthumous torments in hell, which is described much brighter than paradise. But no lifetime sanctions were followed, except that they were removed from the distribution of the «trophies» captured in the war.
3. Now, let’s consider the accusations against the Jews, with which the Koran is full (however, others like pagans, bedouin and Christians got their portion, too). Yes, then, as now, Jews belonged to the «advanced» people, thought independently, many became unbelievers. Mostly literate, Jews could be imperious towards the totally illiterate people of Arabia. Muhammad was illiterate, too, although he had the position of a wealthy merchant (thanks to his marriage with the rich widow Khadija).
There is no doubt that highly literate Jews criticized the newly-made Koran, which contained, along with Muhammad’s own ideas, numerous borrowings of ideas and subjects from the Bible. Unable to conduct polemics based on the original source, that is, the Bible, Muhammad declared that not he, but the Jews distorted the Holy Scripture sent down by Allah. By the way, Muhammad insisted, that the author of the Quran was not himself, a talented poet and thinker, but Allah.
In a similar situation, Jesus could not argue with the Scribes and Pharisees, interpreting the ancient texts, and instead performed miracles, invented new rules of morality, and then challenged the wealth and influence of the high priest and of the Sanhedrin.
Muhammad’s special dislike and cruelty towards the Jews may be explained by the fact that these literate Jews witnessed his illiteracy, ignorance of the sacred texts.
If we compare the attitude of Muhammad towards the defeated «idolaters», the inhabitants of Mecca, whom Muhammad included in the administrative apparatus and the army of his newly created state, and even turned the Ka’bah into the temple of Allah, preserved the Hajj, which brought the basic income to the Meccans, the contrast becomes striking. «The people of the book» were persecuted, and the idolaters gained a prize for expelling the Messenger and for a long war against the nascent Muslim community. Muhammad forbade the «hypocrites» to maintain family ties with «infidel» relatives, but made an exception for himself and for the Muhajirs (who moved with him to Medina).
4. The Muslims turned the Quran and the deeds of Muhammad the basis of the Islamic system of laws and morality. Thus, the injustice of the Messenger towards the Jews entered Islam as a norm of behavior obligatory for all Muslims. We cannot afford to ignore the fact that Muhammad’s personal example influences the moods of 1.8 billion Muslims of planet Earth. We should not be surprised at the widespread anti-Semitism of Muslims, and we should not impose formal peace treaties on Muslims, which, they believe, humiliate their dignity. Authors of Oslo were simply uneducated people who measured Muslims with their obsolete standards, and we should not again step on the same trap.
Those who rush to sign written agreements with Muslims are blind and deaf, because of such agreements are doomed to death in advance. It is much more reasonable to act by a method of unspoken agreements or fait accompli, to defend our legitimate rights and interests, but also we must take into account the legitimate rights of Muslims. Arrangements and accomplished facts must be fair from the point of view of both sides, but first of all must be realistic. This fully applies to Israeli-Palestinian and Israeli-Arab relations.
We do not need formal peace treaties, which the Palestinians do not want to sign and will not observe. The dispute with the Palestinians must be resolved by a fait accompli, taking into account both our and the Palestinian interests. The unilateral recognition of the independence of Palestine (or Palestine and Gaza), while maintaining the occupation of the West Bank until the establishment of a real peace, would not hurt, but only help Israel. No formal agreements are needed for this.
Edited by HouseKnight1, 07 July 2018 - 12:57 PM.