In particle physics, Fermilab (1967) used a radio frequency (RF) cavity and magnets to accelerate protons that make over 1,000 passes through a 6 km circumference beam pipe and RF cavity. The accelerated proton beam collides with a beryllium target forming subatomic particles that propagate through the steel enclosure of the 15 ft bubble chamber to produce varying size spiral liquid hydrogen bubble tracks that are used to determine the masses of the subatomic particles. Originally, the existence of a proton is justified using an alcohol track formed within a Wilson (1911) cloud chamber yet alcohol molecules of the cloud chamber have a mass 50 times larger than the mass of a proton. A single proton propagating within the cloud chamber is interacting with over 2,000 alcohol molecules that have a mass 50 times larger than a proton to form the cloud chamber alcohol track yet a proton that originates from a hydrogen atom's nucleus is extremely unstable. A single unstable nuclear proton is colliding with numerous alcohol molecules of the cloud chamber which contests the Wilson cloud chamber proton experiment. The formation of the protons that composed the Fermilab proton beam is produced by the splitting of the hydrogen atoms' nuclei in the interaction of a radioactive isotope with hydrogen gas molecules which would require a thermonuclear explosion to form the high concentration of protons of the proton beam used by Femilab particle accelerator, and, the propagation of positive charged protons through the 6 km beam pipe would require a cathode in front of the protons yet the protons are propagating through the beam pipe without a cathode in front the the proton beam. The cyclotron is used to justify the existence of a proton beam but the Lawrence cyclotron's proton beam is a blue light beam.
Can some body of thing AI explain what is going on in applied physics?
Edited by alright1234, 18 March 2019 - 02:35 PM.