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Numerus "numerans Numeratus"


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#1 conway

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Posted 21 February 2019 - 06:01 PM

Numerus “Numerans Numeratus” 

 

 

Let all abstract numbers be defined exactly as concrete numbers.

 

Concrete number: A numerical quantity with a corresponding unit.

 

Let the corresponding unit exist as an abstract dimension notated with the use of (_).

 

Let the length and width of all dimensional units remain abstract and undeclared.

 

Let the dimensional unit be equal in quantity to the numerical quantity it corresponds to.

 

Let all numerical quantities inhabit their corresponding abstract dimensional units.

 

Let zero be assigned a single dimensional unit.

 

 

Classic                                       Isomorphic

    0 =                                  (0) = (0,_) = (0,0_)

    1 =                                  (1) = (1,_) = (1,1_)

    2 =                                  (2) = (2,_,_) = (2,2_)

    3 =                                  (3) = (3,_,_,_) = (3,3_)

(-1) =                                  (-1) = (-1,-(_)) = (-1,-(1_))

(-2) =                                  (-2) = (-2,-(_,_)) = (-2,-(2_))

(-3) =                                  (-3) = (-3,-(_,_,_)) = (-3,-(3_))

 

 

Therefore:

 

Any classic number (n) = isomorphic (n) = (n,n_).

 

Where (_) is defined as a dimensional unit, the quantity of which corresponds to a given numerical quantity.

 

Where (n) is defined as the numerical quantity separate from the dimensional unit.

 

Where (n_) is defined as the dimensional unit separate from the numerical quantity, and equal in quantity to the numerical quantity it corresponds to.

 

Let addition and subtraction exist without change. Except regarding notation: (a+b = c: a+0 = a: a-0 = a: 0+0 = 0: 0-0 = 0).

 

In any binary expression of multiplication let one number (n) represent only a numerical quantity or (n), let the other number (n) represent only a quantity of dimensional unit equal in quantity to the number it corresponds to, or (n_).

 

In any binary expression of division let the numerator (n) always exist as a numerical quantity or (n), let the denominator (n) always exist as a dimensional unit quantity equal in quantity to the number it corresponds to, or (n_).  Therefore, in all cases of binary division (n/n): (n) is notated as (n/n_).

 

Let multiplication be defined as the placing of a given numerical quantity, with addition, equally into each given quantity of dimensional unit.  Then all numerical quantities in all dimensional units are added.

 

Let division be defined as the placing of a given numerical quantity, with subtraction, equally into each given quantity of dimensional unit.  Then all numerical quantities in all dimensional units are subtracted except one.

 

In all binary operations of multiplication containing a number (0) and a non-zero number (n), the notation of the number (0) as (0) or as (0_), will dictate the notations of the binary non-zero number (n) in the operation.

 

In all cases of a binary expression where the notation is not given for the number (0), the numerical quantity (0) is notated for (0), and the dimensional quantity (n_) is notated for (n).

 

Therefore: (n*0 = n_*0 = 0).

 

Let exponents and logarithms exist without change. Except regarding notation: (a^b = c).

 

Assertion:

 

All binary operations of multiplication and division remain unchanged except binary operations involving the number (0). As well as defining division by the number (0) as an operation of a given numerical quantity (n) into the dimensional unit quantity (0_).

 

 

Multiplication

 

Classic

 

2*3 = 6

 

Isomorphic

 

2*(_,_,_) = 6

 

Where:

 

Classic (2): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic (3): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_,_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (3).

 

(2,2,2): the numerical quantity (2) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(2+2+2 = 6): the numerical quantity (2) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Therefore:

 

2*(_,_,_) = 6

 

Or,

 

3*(_,_) = 6

 

Where:

 

Classic (2): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

Classic (3): is the numerical quantity.

 

(_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (2).

 

(3,3): the numerical quantity (3) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(3+3 = 6): the numerical quantity (3) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Therefore:

 

3*(_,_) = 6

 

Classic

 

2*0 = 0

 

Isomorphic

 

2*(_) = 2

 

Where:

 

Classic (2): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic (0): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0).

 

(2): the numerical quantity (2) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(2): the numerical quantity (2) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Therefore:

 

2*(_) = 2

 

Or,

 

0*(_,_) = 0

 

Where:

 

Classic (0): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic (2): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (2).

 

(0,0): the numerical quantity (0) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(0+0 = 0): The numerical quantity (0) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Therefore:

 

0*(_,_) = 0

 

Classic

 

0*0 = 0

 

Isomorphic

 

0*(_) = 0

 

(_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0).

 

(0): the numerical quantity of (0) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(0): the numerical quantity of (0) added equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Therefore:

 

0*(_) = 0

 

Therefore, the product of binary multiplication by the number (0) with a non-zero number, is relative to the number (0) declared as a numerical quantity or as a dimensional unit quantity in the binary expression.

 

Isomorphic expressions containing variables.

 

Where: (n) =/= 0

 

n*(0_) = n = (0_)*n

 

n*(_) = n = (_)*n

 

n_*0 = 0 = 0*n_

 

 

Division

 

Classic

 

6/2 = 3

 

Isomorphic

 

6/(_,_) = 3

 

Where:

 

Classic (6): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic (2): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (2).

 

(3,3): the numerical quantity (6) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(3): the numerical quantity (6) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are subtracted except one.

 

Therefore:

 

6/(_,_) = 3

 

Classic

 

1/4 = .25

 

Isomorphic

 

1/(_,_,_,_) = .25

 

Where:

 

Classic (1): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic (4): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_,_,_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (4).

 

(.25,.25,.25,.25): the numerical quantity (1) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(.25): the numerical quantity (1) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are subtracted except one.

 

Therefore:

 

1/(_,_,_,_) = .25

 

Classic

 

0/2 = 0

 

Isomorphic

 

0/(_,_) = 0

 

Where:

 

Classic (0): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic (2): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (2).

 

(0,0): the numerical quantity (0) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(0): the numerical quantity (0) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are subtracted except one.

Therefore:

 

0/(_,_) = 0

 

Classic

 

2/0 = undefined

 

Isomorphic

 

2/(_) = 2

 

Where:

 

Classic (2): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic (0): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0).

 

(2): the numerical quantity (2) is subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(2): the numerical quantity (2) is subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are subtracted except one.

 

Therefore:

 

2/(_) = 2

 

Classic

 

0/0 = undefined

 

Isomorphic

 

0/(_) = 0

 

Where:

 

Classic numerator (0): is the numerical quantity.

 

Classic denominator (0): is the dimensional unit quantity.

 

(_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0).

 

(0): the numerical quantity (0) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities.

 

(0): the numerical quantity (0) subtracted equally into all dimensional unit quantities, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are subtracted except one.

 

Therefore:

 

0/(_) = 0

 

Isomorphic expressions containing variables.

 

Where (n) =/= 0

 

n/(0_)= n

 

n/(_) = n

 

0/(n_) = 0

 

Therefore, division by zero is expressible as a quotient. By definition of division, the numerical quantity (0) can never exist as a divisor.  Only the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0) or (_), or (0_) may exist as a divisor.

 

Therefore, all division is defined as a specific operation of a given numerical quantity into a given dimensional unit quantity. So that division by zero is defined as a given numerical quantity operated into the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0).

 

In keeping with the assertion that the entirety of Numerus "Numerans Numeratus" is isomorphic except regarding multiplication and division by zero, the current definition of the negative symbol is adhered to.

 

Negative is: the opposite of.

 

Therefore, the negative symbol represents a characteristic of the following given quantity.

 

Let the given characteristic of the negative symbol for the numerical quantity exist without change.

 

Let the numerical quantity of the number 0: exist without an opposite numerical quantity.

 

Therefore:

 

-1: the opposite of the numerical quantity 1.

 

Allow the characteristic of the negative symbol for the dimensional unit quantity to exits as: “place the opposite of”.

 

Therefore:

 

-(_): “place the opposite of” a given numerical quantity into the dimensional unit quantity of (_).

 

Classic

 

-2 * 3 = -6

 

Isomorphic

 

-(_,_) * 3 = -6

 

3: the numerical quantity of the number 3.

 

-(_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number 2, indicating that the opposite of the given numerical quantity is to be placed into it.

 

(-3,-3): the opposite of the given numerical quantity of the number 3, placed into the dimensional unit quantity of the number 2.

 

(-3+-3 = -6): the opposite of the given numerical quantity of the number 3, placed into the dimensional unit quantity of the number 2, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Classic

 

-2 * -3 = 6

 

Isomorphic

 

-(_,_) * -3 = 6

 

Or relatively:

 

-(_,_,_) * -2 = 6

 

-(_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number 2, indicating that the opposite of the given numerical quantity is to be placed into it.

 

-3: the numerical quantity given.

 

3: the opposite of the numerical quantity given.

 

(3+3 = 6): the opposite of the opposite of the numerical quantity of the number 3 placed into the dimensional unit quantity of the number 2, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Or relatively:

 

-(_,_,_): the dimensional unit quantity of the number 3, indicating that the opposite of the given numerical quantity is to be placed into it.

 

-2: the numerical quantity given.

 

2: the opposite of the numerical quantity given.

 

(2+2+2 = 6): the opposite of the opposite of the numerical quantity of the number 2 placed into the dimensional unit quantity of the number 3, then all numerical quantities in all dimensional unit quantities are added.

 

Assertion:

 

The defining of abstract numbers and the operations of multiplication and division as given above will allow for a mathematical construct in which it is possible to define division by zero. It will also do so in such a manner as to not contradict any given field axiom.

 

*As all operations of addition and subtraction exist without change only the field axioms regarding multiplication will be addressed*

 

 

Field Axioms

 

Associative: (ab)c = a(bc)

Commutative: ab = ba

Distributive: (a+b)c = ac+bc

Identity: a*1 = a = 1*a

Inverses: a*a^(-1) = 1 = a^(-1) * a: if a =/= 0

 

For the field axioms to hold, the defining of special operations for binary multiplication of the number (0) on the number (n) must be considered. In these special cases alone, binary expressions of multiplication may exist without a unique numerical quantity and a unique dimensional unit quantity.

 

Allow that: (0*0 = 0)

 

As the numerical quantity of the number (0) can be added to the numerical quantity of the number (0): But cannot yield a product containing a dimensional unit quantity.

 

Allow that: (0_*0_ = 0_)

 

As the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0) can be added to the dimensional unit quantity of the number (0): But cannot yield a product containing a numerical quantity.

 

Where any number (0) exists as undefined in a binary expression of multiplication:

 

(0*0 = 0): (0*0_ = 0): (0*0 = 0)

 

Therefore:

 

(n+0 = n): (n+0_ = n): (n+0 = n)

 

Where (n) =/= (0): and (0) exists as undefined in a binary expression:

 

(n*0) = (n*0) = (n_*0) = 0

 

Associative

 

(ab)c = a(bc)

 

Isomorphic equations.

 

(a*b)c = a(b*c)

 

Let: a = 1, b = 2, c = 0: 0 (is a numerical quantity for use in all binary expressions)

(1_*2)0 = 1(2_*0)

2_*0 = 1*0

0 = 1_*0

0 = 0

 

Let: a = 1, b = 2, c = 0: 0_ (is a dimensional quantity for use in all binary expressions)

(1_*2)0 = 1(2*0_)

2*0_ = 1*2_

2 = 2

 

Continued isomorphic examples of the associative axiom.

 

Let: a = 1, b = 0: 0, c = 0: 0

(1_*0)0 = 1(0*0)

0*0 = 1_*0

0 = 1_*0

0 = 0

 

Let: a = 1, b = 0: 0_, c = 0: 0_

(1*0_)0 = 1(0_*0_)

1*0_ = 1*0_

1 = 1

 

Let: a = 1, b = 0: 0, c = 0: 0_

(1_*0)0 = 1(0*0_)

0*0_ = 1*0

0 = 1_*0

0 = 0

 

Let: a = 1, b = 0: 0_, c = 0: 0

(1*0_)0 = 1(0_*0)

1_*0 = 1*0

0 = 1_*0

0 = 0

 

Therefore, the associative axiom still holds as true.

 

Commutative

 

a*b = b*a

 

Isomorphic equations.

 

a*b = b*a

 

Let: a = 2: 2, b = 3: 3_

2*(_,_,_) = (_,_,_)*2

2*3_ = 3_*2

6 = 6

 

Let: a = 2: 2_, b = 3: 3

3*(_,_) = (_,_)*3

3*2_ = 2_*3

6 = 6

 

Continued isomorphic examples of the commutative axiom.

 

If (a) = 0: 0

0*b_ = b_*0

0 = 0

 

If (a) = 0: 0_

0_*b = b*0_

b = b

 

If (b) = 0: 0

a_ *0 = 0*a_

0 = 0

 

If (b) = 0: 0_

a*0_ = 0_*a

a = a

 

Therefore, the commutative axiom still holds true.

 

Distributive

 

(a+b)c = a*c+b*c

 

Isomorphic equations.

(a+b)c = a*c+b*c

 

Let: a = 1, b = 2, c = 0: 0

(1+2)0 = 1_*0+2_*0

3_*0 = 0+0

0 = 0

 

Let: a = 1, b = 2, c = 0: 0_

 (1+2)0 = 1*0_+2*0_

3*0_ = 1+2

3 = 3

 

Continued isomorphic examples of the distributive axiom.

 

Let: a = n, b = 0: 0, c = 0: 0

(n+0)0 = n_*0+0*0

n_*0 = 0+0

0 = 0

 

Let: a = n, b = 0: 0_, c = 0: 0_

(n+0)0 = n*0_+0_*0_

n*0_ = n+0_

n = n

 

Let: a = n, b = 0: 0, c = 0: 0_

(n+0)0 = n*0_+0*0_

n*0_ = n+0

n = n

 

Let: a = n, b = 0: 0_, c = 0: 0

(n+0)0 = n_*0+0_*0

n_*0 = 0+0

0 = 0

 

Therefore, the distributive axiom still holds as true.

 

Identity

 

a*1 = a = 1*a

 

Isomorphic

 

a*1 = a = 1*a

 

For the identity axiom to hold: (a) =/= (0)

 

Where (a) = 0: the operations of (0) by the multiplicative identity (1) is given previously in the text.

 

Where (a) =/= 0: All binary expressions not involving zero exist without change.

 

Therefore, except regarding the number (0), the identity axiom still holds as true.

 

Inverses

 

a*a^(-1) = 1 = a^(-1) * a: if a =/= 0

 

Isomorphic

 

a*a^(-1) = 1 = a^(-1) * a: if a =/= 0

 

As all binary expressions not involving zero exist without change, the inverse axiom holds as true.

Where (a) = 0: the number (0) remains without a multiplicative inverse.

 

The dimensional unit quantity of the number (0): (_), or (0_), cannot be considered the multiplicative inverse of the number (1). By definition the multiplicative inverse of the number (1) must be a numerical quantity.  Therefore, the numerical quantity (1) remains the only multiplicative inverse for the number (1).

 

Therefore, all field axioms continue to exist as true. 

 

Examples as to the validity for the necessity of Numerus “Numerans Numeratus”.

 

1. Provides for a mathematical construct in which it is possible to define division by zero.

 

2. As division by zero is defined, any slope formula expressing division by zero is definable. Therefore, the slope of a formula expressing division by zero can be expressed as “vertical”.

 

3. Allows for division by zero in a field, without contradicting the field axioms.

 

4. Allows dimensional analysis to define division by zero with “actual concrete numbers”, within the confines of its own system. The possibility of which was previously unexplored, the application of which is applicable to physics.

 

5. Therefore, physics, semantics, philosophy and mathematics can be considered to be unified to an extent. As all abstract numbers have been shown to exist and function, exactly as concrete numbers.  Therefore, the unification of abstract and concrete principles, both in mathematics and in physics.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Edited by conway, 21 February 2019 - 06:02 PM.


#2 ralfcis

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Posted 22 February 2019 - 09:04 AM

I don't know why this guy is going from physics forum to physics forum with the same theory that has already been proven on how all numbers can be derived from the null set. I guess he felt he had to set it to word salad. The word salad affliction is not difficult to diagnose. I'm not sure why the forum can't set up a separate rubber room for this under a Word Salad subforum and dump all word salad posts into it. It won't really matter in what order they're dumped, it's word salad after all.


Edited by ralfcis, 22 February 2019 - 09:12 AM.


#3 conway

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Posted 22 February 2019 - 09:44 AM

Pi is philosophy.

 

Thanks for your kindness...I will think on your reply.

 

I don't know why this guy is going from physics forum to physics forum with the same theory that has already been proven on how all numbers can be derived from the null set. I guess he felt he had to set it to word salad. The word salad affliction is not difficult to diagnose. I'm not sure why the forum can't set up a separate rubber room for this under a Word Salad subforum and dump all word salad posts into it. It won't really matter in what order they're dumped, it's word salad after all.

 

I am sure you don't appreciate others treating you like this...nor do I.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sigh.....


Edited by conway, 22 February 2019 - 09:44 AM.


#4 ralfcis

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Posted 22 February 2019 - 10:04 AM

I don't invite that kind of treatment by talking in word salad.



#5 conway

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Posted 22 February 2019 - 12:31 PM

I don't invite that kind of treatment by talking in word salad.

 

If it was word salad...and you really felt this way about it...then you would post why.  Otherwise you  are a troll...spewing word salad.

 

For example

 

Line one says... (I am assuming this is where you first disagree with me).... that...etc.etc...I feel this is meaningless (equivalent to word salad)....because of .....

 

Do you understand?  Reasoning must accompany your insults...otherwise you are pure troll......and you know this.

 

Also...it does not matter if I invited the treatment or not...you do not treat people like crap....period...and this you also know.


Edited by conway, 22 February 2019 - 12:36 PM.