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Photons Repulsions


  • Hypothesis

    • Light is made of photons

In March 1905, Einstein created the quantum theory of light, the idea that light exists as tiny packets, or particles, which he called photons. After this, there appear many theories and conclusions of light. Einstein’s one is good and simple enough , more complicated hypotheses will come out with specific conclusions.

  • Photons are repulsive

Between the same kind of energy, they always are repulsive. If they are not repulsive, they probably will merge into a bigger unit, and we should find out the mega size energy. In a distance, they will kick each other away, then they won’t touch each other. Photons are repulsive.


  • The formation of diffraction

let ‘s imagine two photons are two pinballs. When they collide in a plane, they kick away in specific directions, which depends on the angle they collide. If there are considerable collisions, the directions in which kicked away are not specific, they could be considered to be kicked out in 360 all directions. If two light intersect with an angel, the photons collide, they will not move by the original direction anymore, but a new direction after repulsion. The new moving directions are really hard to measure accurately. Because these two lights are moving in C, so we can naturally comprehend the photons will move within a scope like a cone, which angle depends on and bigger than the angle of the two lights. 


Some photons will NOT move to the screen they should without repulsion. After multiple repulsions, some areas on the screen get more photons and look brighter, other areas get barely photons like shadows. These visible shadows and bright make up diffraction.


  • Conclusions

    • The two lights must be the same frequency and intensity

Not any two light can generate diffraction. To generate a visible diffraction, we need two lights with the same frequency and intensity. Only with the same frequency and intensity, these two lights could stay stable repulsions. So normally we use ONE light source to generate diffraction.

  • The angle of lights is decisive for diffraction

The angle of lights determines the angle of the CONE. It is the most important factor. If the angle, frequency and intensity are stable, the diffraction would be stable. If one of the PHASE changes (It is not appropriate to call it phase, but there is no better name, so let’s call it phase temporarily), the photon will hit the one in front or behind. Because the angle is not changed, the photons' new directions are still in the same scope of the cone, and the diffraction would not change.

People say light has wave–particle duality, mostly because the diffractions look like water ripple. A water wave is a mechanical wave, it’s kinetic energy delivered by water. But diffraction is not simply an overlay of mechanical waves. Because water ripple looks depending on the amplitude, and the amplitude of light is too small to be seen by eyes, and it wouldn’t show as we see as diffraction but uniform light. The diffraction is generated by photons repulsions, which don’t need wave property.

  • Rear-Reverse-Detecting experiment can prove it or not.

This experiment might prove photons repulsions theory right or wrong. Prepare a diffraction set but without screen, aid the lights toward void to make sure the lights won’t be reflected by anything. Behind the light source, set a light detector facing the lights moving direction. If the photons repulsions theory is right, the detector can detect some photons from the light source stably.


It is a famous experiment, and it can be explained by photons repulsions theory.

When the light passes the slit, the light diffuses to left and right, up and down, the light moving direction will be in the scope of the long-strip-cone. There are 2 factors cause this diffusion:

  1. The reflection from the slit. Some photons pass the slit and hit the surfaces of the slit, then reflect to other directions.

  2. The gravity lens from the slit. The mass of the slit causes the gravity lens to bend the light.

When the light passes the double-slit, the two long-strip-cones intersect. The photons repulse stably and hit the screen in multiple strips as we can see.

In the which-way experiment, we release very small amounts of photons to observe, maybe only one photon. When the photon(s) pass the one slit, it will move in the long-strip-cone, but there is no other photon (or enough photons) to repulse. So the photon(s) move in the long-strip-cone without repulsions. Then all photons hit in the two strips. 

The conclusion of which-way experiment will hurt some physicists’ feelings: the light doesn’t generate diffraction because there are not enough photons to repulse, but not because somebody is observing them. 


It’s a famous experiment as well. Here, I don’t want to discuss the purpose of it and the assumptions.

If all the mirrors in the experiment are set stably enough, the angle of the lights won’t change, then the diffraction won’t change either.

This experiment supports photons repulsions theory.

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