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Ladies and gentlemen, my all friends: hello!

 

 

My name is Zhou Jian, an ordinary Chinese people, who lived 611,Liuchang road,Liu Bei district,Liuzhou city,Guang Xi,China.

 

June 29, 2008, four years ago, I might create a miracle, it is extremely keen insight, further research by the two groups in 1998 found that the universe is accelerating expansion of the supernova Hubble diagramfrom the discovery of the Zhou Jian's Law.

 

 

The past four years, I boldly direct application of this Zhou Jian's Law and its application of the results so that I am shocked, an algebraic method (analytical method) to solve the universe, the problem of the " Analytical Cosmology " individual monographs on such on March 8, 2009 to complete really gratifying it, in any case, this is an unprecedented no historical discoveries, for us men of great significance to the deep space of the universe, for which I have to explain you my friends Zhou Jian's Law and analytical cosmology, let us be able to apply the Zhou Jian's Law, are able to use the Analytical Cosmology theory to guide our observations of our universe.

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1、Brief description of the Zhou Jian's Law

 

 

 

 

June 29, 2008, the Big Bang theory of cosmology, Zhou Jian completed an "accurate expansion of Cosmology" monograph, which indicates that light (electromagnetic radiation) in the dissemination process of the propagation distance and Zhou Jian redshift is proportional to Zhou Jian redshift plus 1 and is inversely proportional to the natural law was officially discovered.

 

Zhou Jian's law physical meaning is light (electromagnetic radiation) in the dissemination process of the transmission wavelength propagation distance increases displacement to the red side, the redshift from distant starlight not only exists Doppler redshift, but also Zhou Jian redshift.

 

In cosmology, Zhou Jian's law using algebraic methods (analytical method) to solve the problems of the universe "Analytical Cosmology "(copyright registration number :2009-A-020687) the theoretical foundation, Zhou Jian redshift - distance of the corresponding relationship allows us to observing galaxies redshift to determine the relative distance.

 

In the universe mechanics study, Zhou Jian's law in the mechanics of direct application performance pushed the Zhou Jian's law of universal gravitation, it marks the attract each other between the galaxies of gravitation and light (electromagnetic radiation) on the propagation characteristics, gravitation-Zhou Jian redshif relations will let us through the observation of the galaxy redshift to determine the mutual attraction between them.

 

Zhou Jian's law of universal gravitation is the theoretical foundation of cosmic mechanics or dynamics of the universe to solve the mechanical problems of the universe, from the small, Zhou Jian redshift expression of universal gravitation and distance expression of gravitation in the value a high degree of consistency, namely Newton's law of universal gravitation exactly the same expression and Zhou Jian,s law of universal gravitation on the universal gravitation characteristics.

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hello again. as hard as your posts have been to follow in their content, having so many threads and blogs is not helping your cause. please just use this one thread to explain your work. thanks.

 

now let's see some of that algebra and a description of how it differs from standard methods. :smart:

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hello again. as hard as your posts have been to follow in their content, having so many threads and blogs is not helping your cause. please just use this one thread to explain your work. thanks.

 

now let's see some of that algebra and a description of how it differs from standard methods. :smart:

 

 

just use this one thread to explain your work.

 

Is, I understand

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2、Zhou Jian's Law Definition

 

Light (electromagnetic radiation) in the propagation of the transmission distance with Zhou Jian redshift direct proportion, and Zhou Jian redshift + 1 and inversely proportional to.

 

The Zhou Jian redshift-transmission distance of ties in 2008 by the Chinese astronomers Zhou Jian found, called Zhou Jian’s law or Zhou Jian effect.

 

In cosmology study, Zhou Jian’s law be using algebraic method (analytic method) to solve the cosmic problems of the analytical cosmological theory basis.

 

But in actual observation, the galaxy redshift include not only Zhou Jian redshift, and also contains doppler redshift, this is we accurately determine distance bring some difficulties in the galaxy, but we can through the ignore the doppler redshift, is observed galaxy redshift all as Zhou Jian redshift to accurately determine a standard distance will be called, then consider doppler redshift of the actual effect, the galaxy's true distance in the standard near distance, its distance from this is calculated out.

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3、The formula of the Zhou Jian's Law

 

Zhou Jian's Law:

 

 

 

Parameters:

 

r: light (electromagnetic radiation) propagation distance, unit: light-years

 

Z0: Zhou Jian constant,Z0 = 13,771,980,862.6086 light-years,and the physical meaning of light (electromagnetic radiation) limits the propagation distance in the communication process, indicating that any light (electromagnetic radiation) can not endlessly propagate to infinity.

 

zz: Zhou Jian redshift, its physical meaning is the light (electromagnetic radiation) in the dissemination process of the transmission wavelength increase the regularly displacement to the red end of the relative change to the propagation distanc.

Edited by zhou jian
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4、The discovery of the Zhou Jian's Law

 

 

Found that the firm law of the supernova Hubble diagram

The picture above shows the two groups in 1998 found that the universe is accelerating expansion of the Ia supernova Hubble diagram [Riess et al. 1998, Perlmutter, et al.]; The figure below shows the 2008 Jian Zhou fitting Ia supernova Hubble diagram

 

 

The two sub-studies in 1998 showed that Ia supernova distribution that best fit the theoretical curve is a (FRW) model parameters under the standard cosmological model ΩM, = 0.28, ΩΛ = 0.72, the theoretical curve.

 

2008, Zhou Jian, further studies have shown that the best fit theoretical curve Ia supernova distribution turned out to be an apparent magnitude - redshift simple relationship theoretical curve. Of course, there are two constants in this simple relationship, they are α = 0.00023683050759/Mpc β = 0.00128/Mpc, (this is exactly when the two constants adjusted to this value this is a major research breakthrough for the exploration of the Zhou Jian).

 

When we assume that the universe is expanding, then, the inevitable result of the 1998 Perlmutter and Riess et al, scientists study the universe is accelerating expansion.

 

When we removed the expansion of the universe prerequisite assumptions, the direct study we observed apparent magnitude and redshift, the intrinsic link, then 2008, Zhou Jian explore the inevitable result is the discovery of their distance and redshift is proportional to, and redshift + 1 and is inversely proportional to the natural law, which is the prototype of the week firm law, the refined extract found after Zhou Jian's law.

 

Come back to see, ha ha, found that the universe is accelerating the expansion and discovery of the week firm law actually come from the in high-redshift Ia supernova observations and exploration, and only their ideas in research and exploration work that the former is a further assume a prerequisite for the expansion of the universe this hypothesis is established Institute of the results obtained, while the latter is not set any preconditions for further study obtained results. Thus, we will find in the study of high redshift Ia supernova, Zhou Jian, and Perlmutter et al, their research and exploration of ideas is very different, and the results obtained is very different, it is inevitable.

 

This is the discoverer of the Zhou Jian's law in the exploration

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5、The relationship of the Zhou Jian's Law

 

 

 

Zhou Jian's law and distant objects (galaxies, etc.) the two parameters, namely, light (electromagnetic radiation) transmitted from the celestial to the observer in front of the spread of distance r and Zhou Jian redshift zz, as long as able to determine one can be informed of theirtwo.

 

 

 

 

In the actual observation, we are able to directly observed object (galaxies, etc.) of the redshift, but in the directly observed redshift exist two generation mechanism completely different redshift, namely the Doppler effect of Doppler redshift and by the Zhou Jian effect of Zhou Jian redshift (in particular the universe there is obvious environment gravitational red shift, such as neutron stars and so on, to make the universe problem is simplified, be in usually we can be neglected).

 

 

 

 

In order to separate the two redshift, we use plus footnotes "d" and "z" to distinguish between the Doppler effect caused by the Doppler redshift zd and Zhou Jian effect caused by the Zhou Jian redshift zz , and what we observed the redshift of with footnotes added "g" way to say, called the redshift observations zg, the relation between them is zg = zz+zd.

 

 

 

 

Because Zhou Jian redshift can achieve is infinite, therefore, a universe in which we can observation to a very large redshift, in theory, we can observation to the infinite redshift.

 

 

 

 

When we would observe redshift zg all as doppler effect caused by the doppler redshift zd to study the universe, thus appeared the big bang cosmology.

 

 

 

 

However, when we would observe redshift zg all by Zhou Jian effect caused by as Zhou Jian redshift zz to research the universe, which appeared a accurately determine objects (galaxies, etc) the distance of the standard distance.

 

 

 

 

And then, when we simultaneous consider the two red shift, objects (galaxies, etc) the exact distance in the vicinity of the standard distance.

 

 

 

In the actual observations, the distance of the observation is the most critical. Because object (galaxies, etc) from the very far away, triangle parallax method that's been failure, and also by the objects with the relative movement brought about by the systematic error, this is we can't through own efforts to overcome error, so we have to look for other ways.

 

 

 

We know that the definition of the distance modulus, distance modulus and distance has a direct correspondence between, as long as we determine a distance modulus of objects (galaxies, etc.) the distance thus determined. In the distance modulus of only two parameters, namely apparent magnitude mv and absolute magnitude Mv, the apparent magnitude mv is the value that we can determined by direct observation through telescopes and other observation equipment, the key now is how to accurately determine the their absolute magnitudes.

 

 

 

For stars speaking, we study very thoroughly, through the direct observation of the stars spectrum, and again in the H-R diagram determine their absolute magnitude, thereby obtain the distance of the stars.

 

 

 

For galaxy speaking, we can get through direct observation of the galaxy redshift, in order to make things simple, we can temporarily regardless of galaxies relative we (observers) of the relative movement of factors, the will of the observed by galaxy redshift all as Zhou Jian redshift, which based on the calculation of Zhou Jian’s law for a standard distance from the reference to call it, then consider the influence of relative motion to get the true distance galaxies.

 

 

 

In order to make the corresponding relation can be directly reflected in the glance of, basis found the Zhou Jian’s law that a very simple definition of distance modulus, we draw a picture of depending on the visual magnitude –Zhou Jian redshift relationship diagram (in Zhou Jian redshift as a benchmark relationship diagram) or see the visual magnitude -distance relationship diagram (the distance as a benchmark of the relationship diagram), they are collectively referred to as Zhou Jian diagram(See full Zhou Jian diagram).

 

 

 

Two different benchmark Zhou Jian diagram

 

 

 

Graph of the brightness of the celestial bodies said y-coordinate depending on the magnitude, observers said the abscissa denotes the relative to stars, galaxies and observing the bodies of the distance and the one-to-one Zhou Jian redshift, and in the chart the countless curve is one-to-one said stars, galaxies and bodies such as the absolute brightness absolute magnitude line, they keep the interval between 5 mag, among which the color of of all kinds, with absolute magnitude line is a special meaning such as the absolute magnitude line, and it is these color with special significance with the absolute magnitude and lines are drawn and the just give this Zhou Jian diagram has reference to watch the stars, galaxies and so on characteristics observed and evolution of celestial bodies characteristics of the function, become the stars, galaxies and so on objects and the whole universe the only objective existence body characteristics observed and evolution characteristics of the important tool, it similar H-R diagram analysis of the evolution of stars function, which has brought us study of the universe a real mathematical analysis tool.

 

 

 

When we will direct observation of celestial objects such as galaxy parameters, such as depending on the magnitude, red shift or spectrum type (star), including their image information, according to the corresponding relationship between Zhou Jian diagram drawn on the make up with mathematical analysis function of mathematical analysis star chart, we will called it Zhou Jian star chart, it can not only tell our galaxy of celestial bodies such as the past, present and future of the universe all information, including their evolution information, but also can let us tell their various small characteristics of change and difference. In fact, the analytical in cosmology and many such application figure, but this was the discoverer of the Zhou Jian diagram named apply diagram at present is the most suitable a, it's a little like H-R diagram analysis and its evolution characteristics of stars, like stars, galaxies and so on to the present situation and the evolution of celestial bodies observation process healthfully, mathematical analysis, is a real objects mathematical analysis tool.

 

 

 

In order to make everyone be clear at a glance of the Zhou Jian's Law see clearly the relationship, we through the Ia supernova discovered that the universe is accelerating expansion of the mathematical analysis star chart to reflect. This picture of a mathematical analysis star chart is since March 23 formally began drawing this star chart of 70 since the picture, therefore give Numbers for Zhou Jian star chart 2012070, at the same time, this picture mathematical analysis star chart is to celebrate the Zhou Jian’s law found that 4th anniversary and the works on the star chart. We can see in the star chart, research 60 supernova get supernova Hubble diagram, and ten years after 2008 years of Zhou Jian with new thinking, the further research that 60 supernova get supernova Hubble diagram for the inner link, and relative we (observers) had been able to look into the part of the graphic results reflect the universe.

 

 

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6、physical meaning of the Zhou Jian's law

Zhou Jian’s Law physical meaning is light (electromagnetic radiation) during the course of the dissemination of the propagation distance transmission wavelength increases, and regularly to the red end of displacement, its to a red end of the relative displacement amount on the called Zhou Jian redshift, we use the "zz" to said it and light (electromagnetic radiation) transmission distance r meet equation.

For comparison, we see the Hubble's law physical significance. The Hubble's law physical meaning is the departure from the movement of light source on the line of sight relative observer wavelength changes with the velocity and displacement to the red end of the relative displacement to the red side is called the Doppler redshift, we use the "zd" to said, and it meet with departure from depending on the speed υ = czd relationship, both sides divided by the Hubble constant, from which we get the distance r between the light source to the observer, that is, .

We know that Hubble's law is the foundation of Big Bang cosmology was established. However, from 1929 to now, 80 years later, we really still can not accurately determine the Hubble constant, in the actual observations, we select a different celestial sample study, the Hubble constant, there different results (see Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, J Hochra 2008, decades of research, summarized the results of schematic), the Hubble constant is change even come and go uncertain constant, this constant uncertainty Hubble's law became the theoretical cornerstone of a fatal problem.

 

Research results schematic of the Hubble constant

 

Let us look at the Zhou Jian’s law, it was found in 2008, it is found that the Zhou Jian constant based on the universe's expansion is accelerating the 60 of the observation data of the supernova Ia decided, namely Zhou Jian constant Z0 = 13,771,980,862.6086 light-years, and clear its physical meaning is light (electromagnetic radiation) in the propagation of the extreme transmission distance, it and light (electromagnetic radiation) limit velocity, namely the speed of light, they together constitute the light (electromagnetic radiation) limit propagation characteristics of complete.

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An overdue welcome to hypography, Zhou. :) Apologies for taking so long to read and respond to your ideas about an alternative explanation for (as best I can tell) Hubble’s law.

 

As best I can tell, you’re proposing what’s most commonly known as a tired light hypothesis.

 

Are you familiar with the tired light literature, Zhou? If not, I recommend that you study it thoroughly, as it documents a well-established set of problems that tired light theories must address to warrant serious consideration.

 

I also recommend you consider not simply trying to describe an empirical law, but consider possible physical explanation for a decrease in photon energy (and proportionally, frequency) with increase in distance between emitter and observer. For example, Fred Zwicky’s “gravitational drag” explanation, is one of the few scientifically credible ones of which I’m aware (see On the Red Shift of Spectral Lines Through Interstallar Space, (1929) F. Zwicky).

 

As best I can tell, the most serious problem with tired light theories is difficulty explaining why the rate of “clock-like” phenomena of distant bodies agree well with a calculated time dilation due to receeding velocity consistent with relativistic Doppler and cosmological frequency shift, rather than the smaller ones consistent with a tired light shift. I’m not very familiar with these data, but believe anyone seriously considering a tired light theory should be.

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Grateful to give advice, my friend, I am certain cognitive reading, of course, I have to complete my thoughts presented to everyone, more than an idea on the correct understanding of our universe is always beneficial, you are not, my friends. Thanks again for guidance, a friend of mine pointing is my greatest pleasure.

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7、The observation evidence of the Zhou Jian's law

 

In 2003, the United States launched the Wilkinson microwave anisotropy probe (WMAP) after that year of observation data shows that the universe's age is 13.7 ±0.2 billion years, and that is what we today is often quoted as the support of the big bang cosmology a universe of the beginning of the important evidence, actually, it reflects the true out of the physical meaning is light (electromagnetic radiation) complete transmission distance limit of time interval, the time interval is 13,771,980,862.6086 years (13.772 billion), WMAP observations 13.7±0.2 billion years in error range and the exact, and in this time intervals of light (electromagnetic radiation) at the speed of light the completed transmission distance is 13,771,980,862.6086 light-years (13.772 billion light-years), this is the Zhou Jian’s law that Zhou Jian constant Z0 = 13,771,980,862.6086 light-years, that is WMAP observations is actually Zhou Jian’s law direct observation evidence, only we are according to the big bang cosmology the standard model to understand its observation data just.

 

Might as well we reflect on, from Zhou Jian’s law discovery process to see, Zhou Jian’s law Zhou Jian constant unexpectedly is also the from 1998 found that the universe's expansion is accelerating the vice 60 a Ia supernova Hubble diagram [Riess et al. 1998, Perlmutter et al. 1999], and standard cosmological model can give a and high-redshift supernovae distribution with the best Ia theoretical curves, Zhou Jian’s law should also can give such a and the best anastomosis with the theoretical curves, is it a coincidence? !Even if be coincidence that also impossible to be perfect, so coincidence. So far, we have every reason to determine, in 1998 found that the universe's expansion is accelerating supernova Hubble diagram and launch in 2003 years of the WMAP observation data, they Zhou Jian’s law through the "bridge" so closely together, they all become Zhou Jian’s law the most direct observation of the evidence.

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8、Observations of the universe

 

In fact, the observation in the universe, the universe as a whole are the only exist through light (electromagnetic radiation) of the propagation characteristics, namely the light (electromagnetic radiation) limit velocity-speed c, and ultimate transmission distance Zhou Jian constant-Z0, they all reflected in our before observer.

 

Relative observer, the observer can only be observed by the observer for the Globe, the radius of a ball for Zhou Jian constant Z0 (Z0 = 13,771,980,862.6086 ly, 13.772 billion light-years), the universe spherical bodies,only feelings of all objects within a finite universe spherical bodies relative observer less than a Zhou Jian constant Z0 radiation of light (electromagnetic radiation), the spherical bodies of the universe outside the celestial radiation out of the light (electromagnetic radiation), the observer can not be directly observed, but be sure to observe them, then only through the movement closer to them, or to move closer to the movement of the observer, so that between the observer and the celestial the distance is less than Zhou Jian constant Z0 to feel this like we observe the world in the fog, we only see ourselves as the center of a circle radius of visibility within the limited world, in order to see the visibility outside world, we must exercise, the world outside the visibility of the movement manipulation continue to enter the visibility is less than to observe.

 

Of course, the movement in the universe, we can not like moving in the fog so easy, we must learn to build spacecraft, we must learn to spacecraft and spacecraft rendezvous and docking, not only that, we have to learn how to deep space in the universe safe free to fly, In addition, we have to learn the stars, to see galaxies, the stars and see the galaxy is not only in order to appreciate their beauty and splendor, but one can see them to the distance between us from the distance,distance! Distance!

Perhaps we do not believe we have one can know the capacity of the stars in the distance, but Zhou Jian’s law is found in order to let us have this wisdom of the eye's ability to the analytical cosmological order so that we learn how the next day observing the stars distance the birth.

 

Four hundred years ago, the Italian scientist Galileo invented the telescope, let us know how to watch our universe, and four hundred years later, Zhou Jian, Chinese scientists discovered Zhou Jian’s law and the creation of analytical cosmology, let us learn how to measuring the stars in our sky, let us learn how to measure our universe.

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9、The seeds of the analytical method

 

 

Supernova Hubble diagram based on the two groups in 1998 found that the universe is accelerating the expansion of a further study found that after Zhou Jian’s law, based on the Zhou Jian’s law gave us a revelation, that is, light (electromagnetic radiation) propagation distance and relative change in the dissemination process of the transmission wavelength to the red end of the displacement, called Zhou Jian redshift has only one relationship.

 

We know that the distance of distant objects is not possible directly to measure, we now estimate the distance of distant objects are based on the application of Hubble's law, in Hubble's law Hubble constant is the vagaries of the constant, when we choose different objects in the sample study, we have obtained Hubble constant is not the same, so far we can only determine it to fluctuate within a certain interval, therefore, for us estimate the distance of distant objects to bring to an error we can not be determined, and this error is unpredictable.

 

Today, our ability based on the Zhou Jian’s law of light (electromagnetic radiation) propagation distance in the communication process with the transmission wavelength with increasing propagation distance and the law of displacement relative to the red end of the change, this call Zhou Jian redshift has only correspondence between the characteristics of the observations of the distance is converted to the observation of Zhou Jian redshift?

 

We know, we observed redshift of a distant celestial bodies, it is impossible is simply a red shift, but a comprehensive reflection of the variety of mechanisms redshift, which we are very familiar objects relative to the observer movement Doppler effect Doppler redshift, moreover, red shift, of which there are unexplained in the big bang cosmology, it is called the cosmological redshift, it is defined as the space the redshift caused by the overall expansion, but in the analytic cosmology, we will call it a Zhou Jian redshift, which is defined as the transmission wavelength of light (electromagnetic radiation) in the communication process with the increase of propagation distance displacement to the red end of the natural phenomena of the law, due to this natural phenomenon is found by Zhou Jian, so it is called Zhou Jian effect.

 

By actual observation, we found that the departure from the movement of celestial bodies relative observer or the opposite movement of the Doppler effect Doppler redshift or Doppler blue shift is much larger than the objects very close distance, Zhou Jian redshiftin the red shift in the leading role, but, in the case of very distant objects distance, distant celestial radiation out of the light (electromagnetic radiation) in the communication process, its transmission wavelength with the propagation distance increases regularly to the red end of the displacement effect called Zhou Jian effect Zhou Jian redshift is much larger than the Doppler red shift or blue shift, play a leading role in the redshift.

 

Thus, the same day, the body of the distance to a certain extent, we will be able to based on this unique correspondence between Zhou Jian’s law given propagation distance, and Zhou Jian redshift observations of the distance is converted to the Zhou Jian redshift of observation.

 

To this distance observations into practical application for the Zhou Jian redshift of the observation, we think of the Cartesian coordinate system.

 

Zhou Jian redshift, we will coordinate scale of distance in the Cartesian coordinate system marked the only one to one, then we can see that an observation of celestial bodies will be Zhou Jian redshift observation parameters for the array in coordinates corresponding to the coordinates of this redshift the observational characteristics of the wonders of the universe as a basic object of study "points" and "Number" axis correspond to the results, just as analytic geometry with the basic object of study of the algebraic number of "elements" point ", corresponding next, we can refer to the geometric problem into an algebra problem, the curve or surface into a way of thinking to solve geometric problems for the equation, the function, the same the universe into an algebra problem, directly observed characteristics of the wonders of the universe is transformed into the equation, the function to solve the problem of the universe.

 

Ha ha, the analytical method to solve the problems of the universe so that the bud sprout! The use algebraic methods to solve the problems of the universe thought sprouting seeds will sprout? The basic idea is to become a viable theory? Only allow us to be bold in the actual observation applications to be validated.

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Cartesian coordinates is converted to the Zhou Jian coordinates

 

 

Zhou Jian(周坚) / July 16, 2012

 

 

(611, Liuchang road, Liu Bei district , Liuzhou city , Guang Xi ,China 545012 E-mail:[email protected]

 

 

 

In mathematics, the Cartesian coordinates is rectangular coordinates, it is an orthogonal coordinate system by two mutually perpendicular O points overlap axis, forming the plane. In this plane, the coordinates of any point are based on the number of axes corresponding to the coordinates of the point set.

 

 

Using the rectangular coordinates, all plane geometry shape can explicitly use algebraic formulas to express, the Cartesian coordinate of each point are all on the shape of plane geometry to comply with the algebraic formulas. For example, a distance from the center circle of 2 using the formula to represent.

 

 

However, in cosmology, due to very distant celestial distance, their distances we can not use direct observation method was informed that, which requires a conversion, is about the distance parameter can not be learned using the method of direct observation converted to the parameters that can be learned using the method of direct observation, the discovery of the Zhou Jian’s law has created the conditions for this conversion.

 

 

Zhou Jian’s law tells us that light (electromagnetic radiation) propagation distance in the communication process with the transmission wavelength to the red end of the displacement of the relative change, Zhou Jian redshift is proportional to, the Zhou Jian redshift plus 1 and is inversely proportional to. This propagation distance and Zhou Jian redshifts correspond to the relationship we applied to the Cartesian coordinates, we see that the coordinate system a distance observation converted to the observed Zhou Jian redshift, which is based on the Zhou Jian’s law Cartesian coordinates, in order to facilitate the exposition, we might as well give it to create the name of the creator of this coordinate system is named Zhou Jian coordinates.

 

 

Using Zhou Jian coordinates everything in the plane all the celestial distance in accordance with Zhou Jian redshift of observation parameter algebraic formulas explicit expression out, all in the plane all the celestial distance can in accordance with Zhou Jian redshift of observation parameters as a point Cartesian coordinates, and they are to comply with the algebraic formulas. For example, a distance from the center of the circle (observer) for all objects on the circle of 200 million light years, not only can continue to use the formula said, but also converted to , "zz" is what we observed in the 200 million light-years outside of all the celestial bodies Zhou Jian redshift is 0.014736 Zhou Jian redshift recalculated. Detailed diagram, see the Cartesian coordinates to convert the schematic to the Zhou Jian coordinates.

 

 

In the Cartesian coordinates to convert the schematic to the Zhou Jian coordinates, we can see that in the study of cosmology, although the distance of distant objects we can not be measured directly, so that the Cartesian coordinate system to lose the direct application of the conditions, but when we will be distant celestial distance observation for redshift observations after, based on Zhou Jian’s law, its distance can be directly observed redshift to determine the corresponding distance on the scale of the Cartesian coordinates, mark them Zhou Jian redshift one to one, which is converted to the Zhou Jian coordinates, from the Cartesian coordinates in the study of cosmology has been effectively extended application.

 

 

Course in the application must be worth to remind, or attention, we observed red shift of distant celestial bodies which includes not only generated by the Zhou Jian effect of Zhou Jian redshift, but also by the Doppler effect of Doppler red shift or blue shift, we must adopt some special means of disposing of them separated from for those redshifts,directly on distant objects greater than 1 above can be applied directly, it is because eradiation from such a distance on the celestial light (electromagnetic radiation) spread to the front of the observer when Zhou Jian redshift Zhou Jian effect, has been far greater than produced by the Doppler effect Doppler redshift or blue shift can be applied directly, the distance (in the Analytical Cosmology defined as the standard distance) and the error of the true distance of the celestial bodies within one-thousandth or ten thousandth, or even less than one hundred thousandth or millionth.

 

 

Note: Zhou Jian’s law in detail, please refer to the June 29, 2012, entitled " Zhou Jian’s law: to celebrate the discovery of four anniversary.

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