moo got a reaction from DougF in Stupid questions...
Prolly not if he's a member of the Malaclemys club. :shrug:
But is he insulted if ya call him slow?
A bruised and battered turtle crawls into a police station. He says to the cop: "A gang of snails just beat me up!". The cop says: "Did you get a good look at them?". The turtle says: "Well, no, it all happened so fast!" :doh:
moo got a reaction from Michaelangelica in Dear Alien, -text message report from Earth contest
Artuk ippidft wxmdg njgsp. Eejlp qwy rgysgh atrlks qk 5:00.
moo reacted to C1ay in Liars' Brains Wired Differently
A USC study has found the first proof of structural brain abnormalities in people who habitually lie, cheat and manipulate others.
lefthttp://hypography.com/gallery/files/9/9/8/brain_554058_thumb.jpg[/img]While previous research has shown that there is heightened activity in the prefrontal cortex - the area of the brain that enables most people to feel remorse or learn moral behavior - when normal people lie, this is the first study to provide evidence of structural differences in that area among pathological liars.
The research - led by Yaling Yang and Adrian Raine, both of the USC College of Letters, Arts and Sciences - is published in the October issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry.
The subjects were taken from a sample of 108 volunteers pulled from Los Angeles’ temporary employment pool. A series of psychological tests and interviews placed 12 in the category of people who had a history of repeated lying (11 men, one woman); 16 who exhibited signs of antisocial personality disorder but not pathological lying (15 men, one woman); and 21 who were normal controls (15 men, six women).
"We looked for things like inconsistencies in their stories about occupation, education, crimes and family background," said Raine, a psychology professor at USC and co-author of the study.
"Pathological liars can’t always tell truth from falsehood and contradict themselves in an interview. They are manipulative and they admit they prey on people. They are very brazen in terms of their manner, but very cool when talking about this."
Aside from having histories of conning others or using aliases, the habitual liars also admitted to malingering, or telling falsehoods to obtain sickness benefits, Raine said.
After they were categorized, the researchers used Magnetic Resonance Imaging to explore structural brain differences between the groups. The liars had significantly more "white matter" and slightly less "gray matter" than those they were measured against, Raine said.
Specifically, liars had a 25.7 percent increase in prefrontal white matter compared to the antisocial controls and a 22 percent increase compared to the normal controls. Liars had a 14.2 percent decrease in prefrontal gray matter compared to normal controls.
More white matter - the wiring in the brain - may provide liars with the tools necessary to master the complex art of deceit, Raine said.
"Lying takes a lot of effort," he said.
"It’s almost mind reading. You have to be able to understand the mindset of the other person. You also have to suppress your emotions or regulate them because you don’t want to appear nervous. There’s quite a lot to do there. You’ve got to suppress the truth.
"Our argument is that the more networking there is in the prefrontal cortex, the more the person has an upper hand in lying. Their verbal skills are higher. They’ve almost got a natural advantage."
But in normal people, it’s the gray matter - or the brain cells connected by the white matter - that helps keep the impulse to lie in check.
Pathological liars have a surplus of white matter, the study found, and a deficit of gray matter. That means they have more tools to lie coupled with fewer moral restraints than normal people, Raine said.
"They’ve got the equipment to lie, and they don’t have the disinhibition that the rest of us have in telling the big whoppers," he said.
"When people make moral decisions, they are relying on the prefrontal cortex. When people ask normal people to make moral decisions, we see activation in the front of the brain," he explained. "If these liars have a 14 percent reduction in gray matter, that means that they are less likely to care about moral issues or are less likely to be able to process moral issues. Having more gray matter would keep a check on these activities."
The researchers stopped short of asserting that these structural differences account for all lying.
"This is one of the components," Raine said.
"The findings need to be replicated and extended to other parts of the brain. What are the other neurobiological processes?
"We haven’t had studies like this. It’s exciting to us because it’s a beginning study, but we need a lot more to flesh out this discovery."
Yang, the study’s lead author, said the findings eventually could be used in making clinical diagnoses and may have applications in the criminal justice system and the business world.
"If [the findings] can be replicated and extended, they may have long-term implications in a number of areas," said Yang, a doctoral student in the USC department of psychology’s brain and cognitive science program.
"For example, in the legal system they could potentially be used to help police work out which suspects are lying. In terms of clinical practice, they could help clinicians diagnose who is malingering - making up disability for financial gain.
"And also in business, they could assist in pre-employment screening, working out which individuals may not be suitable for hiring.
"But, right now, I have to emphasize that there are no direct practical applications," she said.
In their journal article, the authors mention that separate studies of autistic children - who typically have trouble lying - have showed the converse pattern of gray matter/white matter ratios.
"The facts that autistic children have difficulty lying and also show reduced prefrontal white matter constitutes the opposite but complementary pattern of the results compared to adults with increased prefrontal white matter who find it easy to lie," the researchers wrote.
"Although autism is a complex condition and cannot be taken as a model for lying, these results ... converge with current findings on adult liars in suggesting that the prefrontal cortex is centrally involved in the capacity to lie."
The other researchers were Susan Bihrle and Lori LaCasse, also of the USC College’s psychology department, Patrick Colletti of the Keck School of Medicine of USC’s department of radiology and Todd Lencz of Hillside Hospital’s department of research.
Source: University of Southern California
moo got a reaction from TheFaithfulStone in People do not have a right to their own opinions.
He means you can be taken to court for false statements about someone, and even for true statements in some countries if you cannot prove it's "necessary to show a benefit to the public good". :)
Excerpts: "Defamation" is the general term used internationally, and is used in this article where it is not necessary to distinguish between "slander" and "libel". Libel and slander both require publication. The fundamental distinction between libel and slander lies solely in the form in which the defamatory matter is published. If the offending material is published in some fleeting form, as by spoken words or sounds, sign language, gestures and the like, then this is slander. If it is published in more durable form, for example in written words, film, compact disc and the like, then it is considered libel.
For most of the history of the United States, constitutional protections of freedom of speech were not considered applicable to libel law. This changed with the landmark 1964 case of New York Times v. Sullivan, in which the Supreme Court of the United States modified the law of libel to be in accord with constitutional requirements.
English law allows actions for libel to be brought in the High Court for any published statements which defame a named or identifiable individual or individuals in a manner which causes them loss in their trade or profession, or causes a reasonable person to think worse of him, her or them.
Truth is an absolute defense in the United States as well as Canada. In some other countries it is also necessary to show a benefit to the public good in having the information brought to light.
Underlining added by...
moo reacted to pgrmdave in The Hardest Language
Remember too that what is hard for me may not be hard for you. I have quite a bit of difficulty learning any language, but I'm quite fluent in English. Does that mean that English is an easy language? Because I know English, I'm going to be biased against languages that are very different, and find them more difficult. German makes more sense to me than Mandarin, but how could I know whether that means that Mandarin is harder or simply more foreign to me? I've heard (I'll start looking for studies now) that the average english speaker knows more words than those of most other languages (partially because English has more words than many other languages), does that point to the possibility that learning English is more difficult, because you need to learn more words to become 'average'?
moo reacted to sebbysteiny in People do not have a right to their own opinions.
I may have missed something, but I'm not seeing the difficulty.
1) All people have an absolute right to freedom of thought.
2) This is not the case for freedom of speech.
If you say or otherwise communicate repugnant opinions, you should expect to suffer the consequences, both legally, morally and socially.
And on a less relevant point...
Not true. According to English law, assault is the immediate apprehension of unlawful force. No force actually needs to be applied.
So swing your fist at my face, then even if you stop just short of my nose, you will go to jail (and hopefully stay there).
And the relevance of this point to the thread cannot be overestimated.
moo reacted to TheFaithfulStone in People do not have a right to their own opinions.
The title is intentionally inflammatory so people will read my thread. :)
The impetus for this discussion came from something somebody said to me at work a few days ago "Every one has the right to their own opinions," in the context of getting on to me for blowing up at someone who said some pretty hateful things about gays.
And it got me thinking - Do they? In a certain sense, yes, of course they do - you can think whatever you want. That your car runs on unicorn farts and pixie dust and not the highly processed remains of ancient animals, for instance.
You are able to believe any damn fool thing you wish. Does that mean that I have to respect your opinion? Is the person who says that all Muslims/Gays/Shiites/People named Fred should be wiped of the face of the earth entitled to their troglodyte opinions?
Is there a line where people do NOT have a right to their own opinions? Or at least a line where people's opinions are so ridiculous that they can be justly dismissed. It's been demonstrated repeatedly (to my mind) that there is no idea so stupid that somebody won't believe it.
Even if we accept that there are certain beliefs that you just can't hold, how do we determine what the difference is between something that we can all safely just ignore (like the telepathic bigfoot people or something) and something that is actually dangerous?
To my mind you have the right to HOLD any opinion you desire. But you do not have the right to have it RESPECTED. You can't demand respect for your opinion based alone on the fact that it happens to be your opinion. If your opinion is not coherent, defensible, and ethical, I don't have to leave you be. Racists in particular come to mind here. But who decides what is "coherent, defensible, and ethical." Obviously people who believe idiotic things like phrenology or something don't consider their belief incoherent.
Where is the line drawn. On the one hand, it is clear to me that there are some opinions that you do NOT have the right too. On the other hand, I have no idea how to determine what those opinions are. And on the gripping hand, what if THIS opinion is not an acceptable opinion?
moo reacted to carrier_new in Rubber Band car
Thank You everyone!
I had two models by the end of this project. My gear powered car went 20.4 meters and I also built, and cutomized the coffee can car design, my mod. went 33.8 meters. For the mod, I added a wheel to the back on an extention rather than using a traditional pensil, therefore stabilizing it when doing over bumps. This car was excelent at keeping to a straight path and thus I was the class winner, the closest in all 3 honors physics classes was 15.4 meters. As you have stated; however, it is not about the distance, I am most proud on making my gearbox design to work.
Thanks again Everyone :hihi:
moo got a reaction from Mercedes Benzene in Help identifying a chemical
"New supramolecular complexes of manganese(II) and cobalt(II) with nucleic bases.
Compound 2 (pale pink crystals), when not filtered, over time disappears and gives rise to dark pink crystals of formula [Co(1-Mecyt)4][ClO4]2"
"Cobalt(II) acetate tetrahydrate
DARK PINK CRYSTALLINE POWDER OR GRANULES"
These both use Cobalt(II), but am kinda shootin' in the dark here... :(
moo reacted to Ganoderma in Growth rate in plants/ water
This reminds me of cacti. I tried this with cacti growing them under 24 hour light and relativly high moisture at lower temps (21-24)c. They grew incredibly fast, but i guess that would also be due to increased lighting. I have also had some grafted cacti split due to growing speen i think. When a slow grower is placed on a fast grower they grew so fast their skin split, this i would assume is because of increased water.
Sorry if its a little off topic, but i would think its due to far too much water intake.
moo reacted to CraigD in Aliens or us?
Depending on its initial position and velocity, a body effected only by the gravity of a much larger one will follow a conic section curve. All a single impact can do is set up a particular initial position and velocity.
There’s no conic section curve that looks like 2 circles with a connecting path, or an ever-decreasing-radius spiral. For the Moon to be shifted from it’s nearly circular orbit to a lower nearly circular orbit by meteor impacts would require it to be hit at least 2 times at the correct angles by meteors with about the same momenta (speed*mass). Check out transfer orbit for an illustration and details.
For it to follow an ever-tightening spiral, it would have to be hit many times, predominantly in a direction opposite it’s travel. This scenario is actually more likely than the previous one (though not very for our Moon), because orbiting bodies may sometimes undergo continuous impact with clouds of gas, dust, and smaller bodies moving in random-like directions. Observations suggest this may be happening in other star systems.
moo reacted to Turtle in Asian Architecture
I aim to please. :naughty: The Japanese saws have several unique qualities as opposed to "Western" styles. The first is that they cut on the pull, and this requires some getting used to by the operator. As with all saws, finesse is King.
Next, the Japanese saws have knife-like teeth sharpened on both edges, although I see this more ond more on commercial Western saws in the shops.
Then we have the "stick" handle as opposed to the "hand-grip" style of Western saws. Again it takes some time to grow accustom to it, but having the handle offset allows you to use the saw where you can't a Western style as it raises your hand above the material.
Lastly, some Japanese style saws have a curved sweep to the cutting edge which allows you to cut a slot interior to a stick.
I have found no links yet but try your phone book for local suppliers. :lol:
Edit: Wicky Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_saw
moo reacted to hallenrm in Virus!!!!
That's indeed a million dollar question! :D Because, to answer this question first of all one must know to distinguish between living and non living; more so to have an unequivocal criteria to call something living.
We tried to do it in the thread "what constitutes life?" and discovered for ourselves that it is not very clear, or should I say not at all clear.
So, let someone define life first, before deciding, whether a virus is a living or non living organism :cup: