1. I'm looking for good answers regarding to the claims that are given in the following articles:
The wording in this documents is a little too technical/hard for me, but as I understand it claims that the recurrent laryngeal nerve is not really a bad design.
For example if I understand it right, Wolf-Ekkehard Lönnig claims that about 0.3% to 1% of the population does have a shortened laryngeal nerve (so it must have occurred already millions of times in all mammal species) but still it doesn't spread in the population, meaning that it doesn't really have a benefit, and may even cause problems.
The documents have some more claims in them, I would be happy if someone can explain this claims in a more simple words, and then say what are the arguments against it .
2. Another point that I would like to ask about this issue is this, when I'm looking at the following picture from Wikipedia:
I do see a short laryngeal nerve that goes directly from the brain to the laryngeal (the green nerve in the picture), what is the different between this nerve and the recurrent laryngeal nerve? Doesn't is serve exactly the same purpose?
Edited by DavidWhite, 15 January 2020 - 09:52 AM.