The need of the shelter for the Jewish people was obvious for at least 2.000 years. But let alone old stories, numerous expulsions, legal discrimination, blood and plague labels, habitual murder and robbery of the Jews. Let’s focus on the last 150 years of the Jewish history.
Russian antisemitism culminated in the government-inspired pogroms, prohibition of the professions and the “Pale of Settlement”, which were the prototype of South African apartheid. Russian, Polish, Rumanian, Hungarian etc anti-Semitic policies pushed Jewish youth to the revolutionary underground.
We learn from Bolshevik story, that Lenin was forced to prevent merging of Russian social-democrats into one bigger party, otherwise most of the members and leaders of such a party would appear the Jews… Lenin allowed to Bolshevik faction only those former Jews, who denied their Jewish roots and changed their names to Russian/neutral. The examples: Trotsky (Bronstein), Kamenev (Rozenfeld), Zinoviev (Gershon Radomyslski), Henrik Yagoda (Henoch Yehuda) etc. etc. Anti-Zionism was mandatory for Bolsheviks, especially for those of Jewish origin.
An alternative for mature people was the emigration to the USA. Herzl with his idea of the Jewish State tried Zionism as a “third escape route”, but without significant success.
In the light of Russian pogroms, Turkish Empire, which reigned over Palestine for 400 years, consciously prohibited Jews from taking shelter in their God’s Promised Land.
Instead of God, British government promised such a shelter (“Home”) for the Jews in its Balfour letter (1917). Probably it was an attempt to prevent internationalization of the Holy Land, discussed before and in the course of WWI.
But shortly after Balfour declaration was proclaimed, in the Middle East arose another, less known anti-Semitic power, then-joined Islamism and Arab nationalism. While Arab nationalists were ready to give up the Holy Land in exchange for independent Arab Great Syria kingdom (1919 Faisal-Weizmann agreement), Islamists were not. Notably, after 1920.03.07 proclamation of the Arab Kingdom of Syria (which included “Southern Syria”, namely Palestine), the “Southern Syria” Islamist leaders inspired massive anti-Jewish riots:
By 10:30 a.m. on Sunday, 4 April 1920, 60,000–70,000 Arabs had congregated in the city square for the Nebi Musa festival (annual local Islamic festival), and groups had been attacking Jews in the Old City’s alleys for over an hour. Inflammatory anti-Zionistrhetoric was delivered by Amin al-Husayni from the balcony of the Arab Club. Another inciter was Musa al-Husayni, his uncle, the mayor, who spoke from the municipal building’s balcony.
The crowd reportedly shouted «Independence! Independence!» and «Palestine is our land, the Jews are our dogs!» Arab police joined in applause, and violence started. The local Arab population ransacked the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem.
Khalil al-Sakakini witnessed the eruption of violence in the Old City:
«[A] riot broke out, the people began to run about and stones were thrown at the Jews. The shops were closed and there were screams. … I saw a Zionist soldier covered in dust and blood. … The riot reached its zenith. All shouted, «Muhammad‘s religion was born with the sword».
But what did British occupying authority?
On 1 March 1920, the death of Joseph Trumpeldor in the Battle of Tel Hai at the hands of a Shiite group from Southern Lebanon, caused deep concern among Jewish leaders, who made numerous requests to the OETA administration to address the Yishuv‘s security and forbid a pro-Syrian public rally. However, their fears were largely discounted by the Chief Administrative Officer General Louis Bols, Military Governor Ronald Storrs and General Edmund Allenby, despite a warning from the head of the Zionist Commission Chaim Weizmann that a «pogrom is in the air», supported by assessments available to Storrs. Communiqués had been issued about foreseeable troubles among Arabs, and between Arabs and Jews. To Weizmann and the Jewish leadership, these developments were reminiscent of instructions that Russian generals had issued on the eve of pogroms.
Sir Herbert Samuel (a Jew), recently appointed British High Commissioner, declared a general amnesty for those convicted of complicity in the riots of 1920, excluding only Amin and Al Aref. During a visit later that year to the Bedouin tribes of Transjordan who harbored the two political refugees, Samuel offered a pardon to both …. Husseini initially rebuffed the offer, on the grounds that he was not a criminal. He accepted the pardon only in the wake of the death of his half-brother, the mufti Kamil al-Husayni, in March 1921… and Samuel then chose him as Mufti. His initial appointment was as Mufti, but when the Supreme Muslim Council was created in the following year, Husseini demanded and received the title Grand Mufti… The position came with a life tenure.
In 1931, al-Husseini founded the World Islamic Congress
On 19 April 1936, a wave of protest strikes and attacks against both the British authorities and Jews was unleashed in Palestine…. Apart from some foreign subsidies, including a substantial amount from Fascist Italy, He (Amin al Husseini) controlled waqf and orphan funds…The rebellion itself had lasted until March 1939, when it was finally quelled by British troops.
It forced Britain to make substantial concessions to Arab demands. Jewish immigration was to continue but under restrictions, with a quota of 75,000 places spread out over the following five years. On the expiry of this period further Jewish immigration would depend on Arab consent. …moderate Palestinian families …were minded to accept … the White Paper of 1939, which had recommended an Arab-majority state and an end to building a Jewish national home. The rejection (by the High Arab Commitee) was based on its perceived failure to promise an end to immigration…
Nevertheless, British government adopted the terms of White Paper, so neglecting the shelter “Home” for exterminated Jews in the most critical years of Jewish history.
Out of ten millions Jews of Europe, have survived only three millions who emigrated overseas in advance, some 400.000 who fled to the USSR and further to its non-occupied part , plus some 400.000 who succeeded to infiltrate to Palestine despite of Turkish and British ban and Palestinian resistance. About 100.000 Jews survived in Romania, Bulgaria and Italy. Undoubtedly, British-Palestinian abolishing of the Jewish National Home increased huge Jewish losses.
I don’t neglect British role in the rescuing of the remnants of the Jews. By resisting Hitler’s assault against Britain and Nazi invasion to the Middle East, Britons have prevented further expanding of Hitler’s Holocaust. But from Jewish point of view, an unbiased analysis leads to the conclusion, that rescuing the Jews was unintentional “side effect” of British and Russian resistance to Hitler’s aggression.
Due to his unwise adventurism, Hitler forced resistance and uniting of his imperialist rivals, British Empire and the USSR. After years of flirt with Hitler, both the USSR and Great Britain turned strong and resolute enemies of Nazi Germany. But along with rescuing Jews, British Empire contributed the Holocaust due to its practical policies in the Middle East. An expressive example of such policies we find just in the case of Palestine.
Current resurrection of British anti-Zionism occurs under flag of Left-Islamist unity. Well, Corbyn’s predecessor was unsuccessful George Galloway. Maybe, Jeremy learned anti-Zionism from Vladimir Lenin. Likewise Corbyn’s poodle, the inventor of anti-Zionist “history” and former Israeli leftist politician Ilan Pappe, who recently warned the Jews of Britain not to resist his employer.
Edited by HouseKnight1, 15 April 2018 - 11:29 PM.