I realized I posted this in the wrong subforum, anyway, sorry. This is not a strange claims work.

**Abstract**

**Friedmann Langrangian**

**The Expansion of the Universe**

**Bulk Energy Transfer**

**Pro's and Con's**

**Zero Point Modes in Space**

**Friedmann's Makeup**

**Notes**

**Fluid Expansion**

**Mathematical Dynamics of Torsion and Relation to the Spin**

**Deriving spiral binding energies**

**On Rotation Playing Dark Energy**

**Freidmann Equation Predicts Pre-Big Bang Phase**

Going back to the thermodynamic law, we have

[math] Tk_B\dot{S} + \frac{\dot{\rho}}{n} = (\frac{\rho + P}{n})\frac{\dot{n}}{n}[/math]

Then

[math]\frac{\dot{n}}{n} = \frac{\dot{T}}{T}[/math]

gives simply

[math] Tk_B\dot{S} + \frac{\dot{\rho}}{n} = (\frac{\rho + P}{n})\frac{\dot{T}}{T}[/math]

Referring back again we have then a power equation in this:

[math]\frac{\dot{R}}{R}\frac{1}{n}(\frac{\ddot{R}}{R} + \frac{kc^2}{a}) = \frac{8 \pi G}{6}[(\frac{\dot{\rho}}{n}) + 3\dot{P}(\frac{1}{n})] = \frac{8 \pi G}{6}Tk_B \dot{S}[/math]

We can see the equivalent terms clearly.

Writing them we have

[math]\frac{\dot{R}}{R}\frac{1}{n}(\frac{\ddot{R}}{R} + \frac{kc^2}{a}) = \frac{8 \pi G}{6}[(\frac{\rho}{n}) + 3P(\frac{1}{n})]\frac{\dot{T}}{T} = \frac{8 \pi G}{6}Tk_B \dot{S}[/math]

again based on fluid equation given, may not be complete,

Same basic results however, for entropy we get

[math]\frac{8 \pi G}{6}[(\frac{\rho}{nk_BT}) + 3P(\frac{1}{nk_BT})]\frac{\dot{T}}{T} = \frac{8 \pi G}{6}\dot{S}[/math]

which is good. The entropy remains constant and this is a definition of the thermodynamic law.

[math]= -\frac{8 \pi G}{6}[\frac{n_A}{n_B}\frac{\dot{\mu}_A}{k_BT}][/math]

Based on all the current models of significance in the theoretical world, I have came to some final conclusions about the universe at large.

1). To follow the intrinsic rules of spatial symmetries, the universe is part of the full Poincare Group leading to a primordial universal rotation.

2) The rotation naturally leads to an intrinsic torsion field.

3) It also leads to an intrinsic centrifugal force field which will replace inflation theories which are being heavily attacked right now in the academic community.

4) A dynamical infusion of Friedmann cosmology with re-definitions of the thermodynamic law as expressed as a Gibbs equation may lead to an interpretation of the universe which had a pre-big bang all-matter liquid phase.

5) The pre-big bang phase was a gas of degenerate Planck particles that underwent a phase transition from a liquid state to a vapor. The phase transition from all-matter liquid to radiation vapor states generated the expansion pushing the universe out of the dense Planck era. The pre-big bang phase would be gravity dominated only. As a universe expands, gravity weakens and electromagnetism dominates.

There has been a lot more study, equations and information of other types inbetween these five premises which create the foundation of my entire theory. Inflation needs to be scrapped, there are other solutions. It just so happens, when you extend the Poincare group to the Friedmann cosmology, it naturally creates the repulsion required to push the universe out the Planck era. Or at least, contributed to pushing it out which would be more accurate to say.

The pre-big bang phase was a super cool static region that had to undergo some transition in the absence of electromagnetism: the phase transition occurs because of a change in the metric itself, not to do with the actual dynamics of any systems inside of it (which was an important realization made by my friend, prof. Matti Pitkanen, creator of the 40-year old extraordinary theory of Topological Geometrogenesis (or TGD). He also linked important to the Hagedorn temperature, which is something I am yet to investigate. )

At some point, a pre-big bang phase underwent some kind of transition - the transition is something related to topology which brought about some kind of thermodynamic increase in the system - from a super cool liquid into a vapor. At some point either between these processes, or in one of them, gravitational binding has to occur to create nucleons. I am looking into Nobel Prize winner Abdus Salam's work into strong gravity which he believed may be something related to the strong force which binds microsystems together.

http://dx.doi.org.sc...217732393000325

Abdus links the interactions to a massive spin 2 graviton in his earliest works. In that, its very precise the kinds of particles he is talking about but I was interested in it because it does at least show in theory, one can construct a theory which treats gravity as being scale dependent. I doubt though gravity is a graviton phenomenon, but the graviton physics may tell us something too deep about the theory, really, gravity is a pseudoforce, which means it is exactly the same as the centrifugal force. They are not real forces and so cannot be quantized as a field theory.

So I don't think after looking through there is any salvageable information for the model I am working with but it is an interesting bit of history because, it was around the same time Motz suggested the gravitational binding energy for nucleons for an early universe. I do not believe the strong force was properly understood then, with the Top Quark only being just identified and Motz (I think) erroneously presuming then the Top Quark was the relic Uniton.

Even though I say gravity cannot be quantized, the solution to confinement I think lies in some revelation concerning curvature. As was pointed out in the paper, it was discovered by Ne'emen and Sijacki that P^-4 propagators indicates that confinement arises from the curvature of spacetime. Interestingly, Motz wanted the early pre-big bang phase to have gravity dwarf electromagnetism by 137 factors. Interestingly, in the femtometer range the strong force matches this approximation, making it 137 times as strong as electromagnetism. It seems reasonable then, that for Motz early universe if gravity plays the role for nucleo-binding energies, would have to occur around the same range 10^-15m, This is well below the highest threshold of the tunneling barrier, which occurs on the nanometer range 10^-9.

**(Weak Equivalence excerpt)**

**The Antimatter Problem**

The chirality (spin) of a universe would give us reason to expect matter dominance over antimatter.

**Edited by Dubbelosix, 30 June 2017 - 01:03 AM.**